Improving Patterns of Consumption
Up to this point, the majority of the chapters in this volume have concentrated upon the technical aspects of the problem of increasing food supplies. While it is evident that there is some connection between overall food supplies and the level of consumption, the nature and operation of this connection is by no means simple, and during the past few years there has been increasing criticism of nutrition interventions and of food and nutrition policies that have failed to take account of the need to ensure that the extra food made available could be purchased by that sector of the population most in need. In fact, while some increase in food production would almost certainly be needed in any country setting out to overcome malnutrition, it must be said that, although a necessary condition, it is by no means sufficient: Decisions about policies must also be based upon a concern for their effect upon the distribution of effective demand. In relation to improving patterns of consumption, this means that it is impossible, in practice, to separate the problems of improving the pattern of foods eaten by individuals from those of improving the pattern of distribution of food among individuals.
KeywordsAgricultural Development Protein Efficiency Ratio Labor Requirement Effective Demand Extra Food
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