Geographical Distribution of Cultivated Cottons Relative to Probable Centers of Domestication in the New World

  • S. G. Stephens
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 2)


Most cotton geneticists would agree that the cottons cultivated in the New World separate clearly into two well-defined species, Gossypium hirsutum L. and G. barbadense L. If modern annual forms are excluded from consideration, most forms of G. hirsutum occur in Central America and southern Mexico and most forms of G. barbadense in tropical and subtropical South America. The two species are widely sympatric in the Caribbean area, from northern coastal Colombia through Venezuela and extending through the Lesser and Greater Antilles.


Pacific Coast Amazon Basin Archeological Record Wild Form Central Coast 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hutchinson, J. B. (1947). In The Evolution of Gossypium, Oxford University Press, New York, Chap. 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hutchinson, J. B. (1951). Heredity 5: 161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stephens, S. G. (1967). Ciencia e Cultura 19: 118.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rouse, I. M. (1964). Science 144: 499.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stephens, S. G., and Phillips, L. L. (1972). Biotropica 4: 49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Boulanger, J., and Pinheiro, D. (1971). Coton et Fibres Tropicales 26: 319.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Smith, C. E., Jr. (1967). In The Prehistory of the Tehuacrín Valley, Vol. I: Environment and Subsistence, Texas University Press, Austin.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Smith, C. E., Jr., and Stephens, S. G. (1971). Econ. Bot. 25: 160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bird, J. B. (1948). Nat. Hist. 57: 296.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Engel, F. (1963). Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 53: 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lanning, E. P. (1967). Peru Before the Incas, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moseley, M. E., (1968). Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stephens, S. G., and Moseley, M. E. (1973). Am. Antiq. (in press).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Reichel-Dolmatoff, G. (1965). Colombia, Praeger, New York.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Coe, M. D., and Flannery, K. V. (1964). Science 143: 650.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Puleston, D. E., and Puleston, O. S. (1971). Archaeology 24: 330.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Reichel-Dolmatoff, G. (1971). Archaeology 24: 338.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lathrap, D. W. (1970). The Upper Amazon, Thames and Hudson, New York.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Moseley, M. E., and Barrett, L. K. (1969). Amer. Antiq. 34: 162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gayton, A. H. (1967). Nawpa Pacha 5: 1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Stephens
    • 1
  1. 1.Genetics DepartmentNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations