The Evolution of Phase Inversion Membranes

  • R. E. Kesting
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology book series (PST, volume 6)


The general technique for the preparation of thin polymeric structures by the controlled desolvation of (usually multicomponent) solutions is known as phase inversion. It is one of the oldest and most versatile fabrication processes and has been applied to the manufacture of synthetic leathers, fibers, films and membranes. The present review seeks to trace the evolution of the latter at four different levels: Configuration, physical Structure, chemical nature, and manufacturing process.


Hollow Fiber Skin Layer Casting Solution Phase Inversion Dense Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Fick, Ann. Physik Chem., 94, 59 (1855).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Schumacher, Ann. Physik Chem., 110, 337 (1860).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. G. Helmcke, Optik, 10, 147 (1950)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. H. Maier and H. Beutelspacher, Naturwiss, 23, 605 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. H. Maier and E. A. Scheuermann, Kolloid Z., 171, 122 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. E. Kesting, J. Appl. Polymer Sci., 17, 1771 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. E. Reid and E. J. Breton, J. Appl. Polymer Sci., 1, 133 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Loeb and S. Sourirajan, UCLA Rept. 60–60, 1960.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. L. Riley, J. O. Gardner, U. Merten, Science, 143, 801 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. K. Lonsdale, Chap. 4 in Desalination by Reverse Osmosis, U. Merten, ed., M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Mass. (1966).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Schultz and S. Asunmaa, Recent Progr. Surface Sci., 3, 291 (1970).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kedem, discussion at NSF-sponsored membrane conference, Cleveland, Ohio, May, 1973.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Panar, H. Hoehn, and R. Hebert, Macromolecules, 6, 777 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. E. Kesting, Synthetic Polymeric Membranes, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1971.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. J. Gittens, P. A. Hitchcock, D. C. Sammon and G. E. Wakely, Desalination, 8, 369 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. G. Helmcke, Kolloid Z., 135, 29 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. J. Gittens, P. A. Hitchcock and G. E. Wakley, Desalination, 2, 315 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. A. Frommer and M. Matz, Second OSW Conference on Reverse Osmosis, Miami, Fla., April, 1969.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. Belfort, Paper Presented at the 4th International Symposium on Fresh Water from the Sea, Heidelberg, Germany, Sept. 1973.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Bechhold, Z. Physik, Chem., 60, 277 (1907).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    W. Brown, Biochem. J., 9, 591 (1915); 11, 40 (1917).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. Elford, Trans. Faraday Soc., 33, 1094 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. Cannon, U. S. Patent 3,497,072, Feb. 24, 1970.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. E. Kesting
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemical Systems IncorporatedIrvineUSA

Personalised recommendations