The Development of Perceived Environmental Quality Indices
The assessment of environmental quality can serve many useful purposes, by (1) clarifying the goals of environmental policy, (2) judging the effectiveness of environmental protection programs, (3) gauging the environmental impacts of proposed public and private projects, and (4) communicating trends in environmental quality to public officials, citizens, and decision-makers. For example, federal, state, and local governments have formulated environmental protection programs which may involve the commitment of billions of dollars; objective, quantitative procedures and indices for assessing environmental quality can be used to monitor the effectiveness of programs and assure a systematic form of accountability. As a recent Library of Congress report on environmental quality assessment observes: “The concept of environmental indices is not a product of academic whim; it evolved from a recognized need by policy makers” (Library of Congress, 1973, p. 2).
KeywordsEnvironmental Quality Mental Quality Preferential Judgment Workshop Discussion Environmental Quality Index
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