Behavioral Teratology and Toxicology

  • Joan M. Spyker
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 5)


Today researchers and clinicians are seeking the most sensitive means to indicate potential toxicity of chemicals in an attempt to prevent harmful human effects. Behavioral measurements may serve as the earliest indicators that some, as yet covert, toxic action has occurred—perhaps at a time when the process can still be reversed. A key concept is that toxic effects may be manifest as subtle disturbances of behavior long before any classical symptoms of poisoning become apparent.


Prenatal Exposure Biological Mother Postnatal Development Foster Mother Brucella Abortus 
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Copyright information

© University of Rochester 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan M. Spyker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of Virginia Medical SchoolCharlottesvilleUSA

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