Aquatic Communities As Indices of Pollution

  • Ruth Patrick
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 1)


Aquatic communities are very similar to terrestrial communities in many of their characteristics. For example, they are composed of organisms that decompose detritus that enters the system; primary producers that fix the sun’s energy; herbivores — animals that feed upon the primary producers; carnivores, which feed upon herbivores; and omnivores which may feed upon carnivores, herbivores, and primary producers.


Yellow Perch Diatom Community Aquatic Community Toxic Pollution Western Lake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Beeton, A. M. Changes in the environment and biota of the Great Lakes, pp. 150–188 in Eutrophication Symposium. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1969.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brown, E. H., Jr. Survey of the bottom fauna at the mouths of ten Lake Erie, south shore rivers, pp. 156–170 In Lake Erie Pollution Survey. Ohio Dept. Nat. Res. Div. Water, Final Report, 1953.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cairns, J., Jr. and R. L. Kaesler. Cluster analysis of Potomac River survey stations based on protozoan presence-absence data, Hydrobiologia, 34(3–4): 414–432 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cairns, J., Jr. and A. Scheier. The effect upon the pumpkinseed sunfish Lepomis qibbosus (Linn.) of chronic exposure to lethal and sublethal concentrations of dieldrin, Notulae Naturae, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, No. 370, 1964.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carr, J. F., and J. K. Hiltunen. Changes in the bottom fauna of western Lake Erie from 1930–1961, Limnol Oceanogr., 10: 551–569 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Davis, C. C. Evidence for the eutrophication of Lake Erie from phytoplankton records, Limnol. Oceanogr., 9: 275–283 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ellis, M. M. Detection and measurement of stream pollution, U. S. Bur. Fish. Bull,, 48(22): 365–437 (1937).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Levins, R. The strategy of model building in population biology, American Sci, 54: 421–431 (1966).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    MacArthur, R. H., and J. W. MacArthur. On bird species diversity..., Ecology, 42: 594–598 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Patrick, R. The effects of increasing light and temperature on the structure of diatom communities, Limnol. Oceanogr., 16(2): 405–421 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Patrick, R., B. Crum, and J. Coles. Temperature and manganese as determining factors in the presence of diatom or blue-green algal floras in streams, Proc. National Acad. Sci, 64(2): 472–478 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Patrick, R., M. H. Hohn, and J. H. Wallace. A new method for determinimg the pattern of the diatom flora, Notulae Naturae, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, No. 259, 1954.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Patrick, R., N. A. Roberts, and B. Davis. The effect of changes in pH on the structure of diatom communities, Notulae Naturae, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phüadelphia,No.416, 1968.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Preston, F. W. The commonness, and rarity, of species, Ecology, 29: 254–283 (1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tarzwell, C. M., and A. R. Gaufin. Some important biological effects of pollution often disregarded in stram surveys, pp. 295–316 in Proc. 8th Industrial Waste Conf., Purdue Univ. Engineering Bull., 1953.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Whittaker, R. H. Dominance and diversity in land plant communities, Science, 147: 250–260 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wilbur, C. G. The Biological Aspects of Water Pollution. Charles C Thomas Publ., Springfield, Ill., 1969.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth Patrick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LimnologyAcademy of Natural SciencesPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations