Aquatic Communities As Indices of Pollution
Aquatic communities are very similar to terrestrial communities in many of their characteristics. For example, they are composed of organisms that decompose detritus that enters the system; primary producers that fix the sun’s energy; herbivores — animals that feed upon the primary producers; carnivores, which feed upon herbivores; and omnivores which may feed upon carnivores, herbivores, and primary producers.
KeywordsYellow Perch Diatom Community Aquatic Community Toxic Pollution Western Lake
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Beeton, A. M. Changes in the environment and biota of the Great Lakes, pp. 150–188 in Eutrophication Symposium. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1969.Google Scholar
- 2.Brown, E. H., Jr. Survey of the bottom fauna at the mouths of ten Lake Erie, south shore rivers, pp. 156–170 In Lake Erie Pollution Survey. Ohio Dept. Nat. Res. Div. Water, Final Report, 1953.Google Scholar
- 4.Cairns, J., Jr. and A. Scheier. The effect upon the pumpkinseed sunfish Lepomis qibbosus (Linn.) of chronic exposure to lethal and sublethal concentrations of dieldrin, Notulae Naturae, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, No. 370, 1964.Google Scholar
- 7.Ellis, M. M. Detection and measurement of stream pollution, U. S. Bur. Fish. Bull,, 48(22): 365–437 (1937).Google Scholar
- 8.Levins, R. The strategy of model building in population biology, American Sci, 54: 421–431 (1966).Google Scholar
- 12.Patrick, R., M. H. Hohn, and J. H. Wallace. A new method for determinimg the pattern of the diatom flora, Notulae Naturae, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, No. 259, 1954.Google Scholar
- 13.Patrick, R., N. A. Roberts, and B. Davis. The effect of changes in pH on the structure of diatom communities, Notulae Naturae, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phüadelphia,No.416, 1968.Google Scholar
- 15.Tarzwell, C. M., and A. R. Gaufin. Some important biological effects of pollution often disregarded in stram surveys, pp. 295–316 in Proc. 8th Industrial Waste Conf., Purdue Univ. Engineering Bull., 1953.Google Scholar
- 17.Wilbur, C. G. The Biological Aspects of Water Pollution. Charles C Thomas Publ., Springfield, Ill., 1969.Google Scholar