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Environmental Chemicals

  • James G. Wilson

Abstract

The varieties of chemical substances which man has introduced into his environment since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution can no longer be reasonably classified, much less individually cataloged. There are no reliable records on rates at which new chemicals were introduced year by year, but there is every reason to believe that it has increased tremendously in recent years, perhaps approaching an exponential rate. It is roughly estimated that today the new compounds synthesized each year, or produced inadvertently in industry or as a result of reactions within the environment, may number a few thousand. Possibly 10% of these may persist in more than negligible amounts as environmental contaminants, but of this number very few have been proven to exist in toxic amounts under ordinary conditions of exposure to man. Most of those implicated in overt toxicity have involved high-level exposure to industrial workers prior to recognition of their toxic potential. To date only one chemical agent in the nature of an environmental contaminant or pollutant has been established as embryotoxic in man, namely, methyl mercury which causes both prenatal and postnatal toxicity in the form of Minamata disease (see Section VI).

Keywords

Methyl Mercury Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate Methyl Parathion Teratogenic Effect Monosodium Glutamate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • James G. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.Children’s Hospital Research FoundationCincinnatiUSA

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