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Induction of Tumor-Immune Responses and Their Interaction with the Developing Tumor

  • Robert William Baldwin
  • Richard Adrian Robins

Abstract

The central thesis of tumor immunology is that host responses to tumor-associated antigens exert a degree of immunological control over a developing tumor. This concept has developed principally from studies on experimental animal tumors induced by chemical carcinogens or oncogenic viruses, and to a lesser extent with naturally occurring tumors, in which it has been established that immunological rejection of tumors can sometimes be induced in suitably presensitized syngeneic recipients (Sjögren, 1965; Baldwin, 1973). Furthermore, immune rejection responses can be demonstrated in the tumor-bearing host, so that while the primary tumor implant is beyond host control, a concomitant challenge with the same tumor may be rejected, provided it is not too large (Gershon et al., 1967; Vaage, 1971). This has led to a further postulate, which proposes that the failure of immunocompetent hosts to reject a nascent tumor results from specific immune defects induced by tumor-associated products influencing primarily the cell-mediated arm of the tumor-immune response (I. Hellström and K.E. Hellström, 1969; K.E. Hellström and I. Hellström, 1974; Baldwin and Robins, 1975).

Keywords

Spleen Cell Lymphoid Cell Tumor Antigen Suppressor Cell Tumor Immunity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert William Baldwin
    • 1
  • Richard Adrian Robins
    • 1
  1. 1.Cancer Research Campaign LaboratoriesUniversity of NottinghanNottinghamEngland

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