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Equivalent Circuits and Analogs of the Josephson Effect

  • T. A. Fulton
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 21)

Abstract

Originally the term Josephson junction referred to the tunnel junction, comprising two bulk superconductors separated by a thin insulating barrier through which current could flow by electron tunneling. Following the original studies by Giaver [1] of the dissipative current flow by quasiparticle tunneling at voltages V ≠ 0 in this system, Josephson [2] predicted that there could also be supercurrent flow at V = 0 and, further, that the supercurrent would continue to flow at V ≠ 0, but as an alternating current at a frequency proportional to V. Subsequently, the V = 0 dc supercurrent was observed by Anderson and Rowell [3] and the ac supercurrent by Shapiro [4]. Since that time similar dc and ac supercurrent effects have been observed in other superconductor systems, notably in small area metal-metal contacts (point contacts) by Zimmerman and Silver [5], in thin-film superconducting constrictions (bridges) by Anderson and Dayem [6], superconductor-normal metal-superconductor thin-film sandwiches (SNS junctions) by Clarke [7], and in bridges weakened by normal metal overlays by Notarys and Mercereau [8]. All these systems are now called Josephson junctions [9–15].

Keywords

Equivalent Circuit Mechanical Analog Josephson Junction Tunnel Junction Applied Torque 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. A. Fulton
    • 1
  1. 1.Bell LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA

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