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Introduction to Phenomenological Models and Atomistic Concepts of Clean and Chemisorbed Surfaces

  • Thor Rhodin
  • David Adams
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 16)

Abstract

There has been a steady acceleration during the last twenty-five years in efforts to observe and to study the properties unique to the physical and chemical boundary separating a metal from its environment. The study of the metal-vacuum interface itself, one of the most important subsets of this effort was greatly implemented by the early recognition by Taylor(1), Langmuir(2), Hinshlelwood(3), Laidler(4) and others(5) of the specific features of chemical processes on metals, by the development of ultrahigh vacuum techniques pioneered by Alpert(6) and others for controlling and measuring the gaseous environment and by the ability of metallurgists to prepare single metal and semiconductor crystals of highy purity. The current emphasis on the measurement and interpretation of surface variables in which atomistic and microscopic considerations are emphasized is a more recent development in contrast to the earlier work based mainly on indirect interpretations derived from kinetic studies. The availability of new experimental methods to measure atomistic and microscopic variables in a detailed and reliable manner has made possible a current and more recent effort to extend the principles of quantum chemistry and of Bloch wave mechanics to the description of the behavior of atoms and electrons at or near metallic surfaces. It is the large expansion in this investigatory effort with which this institute will principally be concerned. The corresponding efforts to expand the base of data relating to phenomenological models and atomistic concepts of metal surfaces is the main objective of this specific lecture.

Keywords

Work Function Phenomenological Model Auger Electron Spectroscopy Isosteric Heat Atomistic Concept 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thor Rhodin
    • 1
  • David Adams
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Applied and Engineering PhysicsCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Xerox Research Lab.WebsterUSA

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