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Protein Synthesis in Plants: Specificity and Role of the Cytoplasmic and Organellar Systems

  • O. Ciferri
  • O. Tiboni
  • M. L. Munoz-Calvo
  • G. Camerino
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 12)

Abstract

Eukaryotic plants contain three different protein-synthesizing systems, localized in the cell cytoplasm, in the mitochondrion, and in the chloroplast (1,2). Indeed it is possible to isolate from plant cells cytoplasmic, mitochondrial and chloroplastic ribosomes that differ in the sedimentation coefficient and in the rRNA composition (3) as well as in the ribosomal proteins (4). In addition different tRNA’s and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases have been reported to be present in the cytoplasm, the chloroplast and the mitochondrion (5) and evidence has been presented suggesting the existence of cytoplasmic-, chloroplast- and mitochondrion-specific translation factors (6). Thus eukaryotic plants, whether unicellular or pluricellular, represent a unique material for many studies such as the regulation and the interrelations of the three protein-synthesizing systems, the comparative structure of the macromolecule s that catalyze the same reactions in the three sys-stems, the localization of the genetic information for these macro-molecules, etc.

Keywords

Elongation Factor Fusidic Acid Translation Factor Nucleus Nucleus Chloroplastic Protein Synthesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Ciferri
    • 1
  • O. Tiboni
    • 1
  • M. L. Munoz-Calvo
    • 1
  • G. Camerino
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Microbiologia e Fisiologia VegetaleUniversità di PaviaPaviaItalia

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