Tissue and Organ Specificity in Plant Diseases

  • Antonio Graniti
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 10)

Abstract

In plant pathology, it is common to refer to generalized (tobacco mosaic), local (apple scab, corn smut), and localized (wheat bunt) diseases, according to the site of infection, the rate and path of spread of the pathogen in the host, and the site of symptom expression. Systemic diseases such as tracheomycoses are more or less limited to one tissue system, although infection often spread throughout the plant. The propensity of parasites for specific organs or tissues of susceptible hosts is usually called electivity (sometimes, selectivity).

Keywords

Cellulose Lignin Pseudomonas Flavonoid Choline 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    ATCHINSON, A. and FRANCKI, R.I.B. (1972). The source of tobacco ringspot virus in root-tip tissue of bean plants. Physiol. Pl. Path., 2, 105–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    AUGER, J.G., SHALLA, T.A. and KADO, C.I. (1974). Pierce’s Disease of Grapevine: Evidence for a Bacterial Etiology. Science, N.Y., 184, 1375–1377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    BECKMAN, C.H. (1964). Host responses to vascular infection. A. Rev. Pl. Path., 2, 231–252.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    CICCARONE, A. (1950). Alterazioni da freddo e da rogna sugli ulivi, esemplificate dai danni osservati in alcune zone pugliesi negli anni 1949–1950. Boll. Staz. Patol. veg. Roma, Ser. 3, 6 (1948), 141–174.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    CICCARONE, A. (1959). Reproduction is affected. In: Plant Pathology. An Advanced Treatise.(HORSFALL, U.G. and DIMOND, A.E., Eds.), Vol. I, 249–312. Academic Press, New York and London.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    CHIARAPPA, L. (1959) Wood decay of the grapevine and its relationship with black measles disease. Phytopathology, 49, 510–519.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    CHIARAPPA, L. (1959a). Extracellular oxidative enzymes of wood-inhabiting fungi associated with the heart rot of living grapevines. Phytopathology, 49, 578–583.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    CIRULLI, M. (1974). Infezioni locali da Vertidllium dahliaeKleb. su foglie di Pomodoro. Phytopath. medit., 13, 23–26.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    DIMOND, A.E. (1970). Biophysics and biochemistry of the vascular wilt syndrome. A. Rev. Pl. Path., 8, 301–322.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    DIMOND, A.E. (1972). The origin of symptoms of vascular wilt diseases. In:Phytotoxins in plant diseases.(WOOD, R.K.S., BALLIO, A. and GRANITI, A., Eds.), 289–306. Academic Press, London and New York.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    DUBOS, R.J. (1954). Biochemical determinants of microbial diseases.Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 152 pp.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    DUCOMET, v. (1907). Recherches sur le développement de quelques champignons parasites à thalle subcuticulaire.Guillemin et Voisin, Rennes, 287 pp.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ERCOLANI, G.L. (1971). Presenza epifitica di Pseudomonas savastanoi(E.F. SMITH) Stevens sull’Olivo, in Puglia. Phytopath. medit., 10, 130–132.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ESAU, K. and HOEFERT, L.L. (1971). Cytology of beet yellows virus infection in Tetragonia.II. Vascular elements in infected leaf. Protoplasma, 72, 459–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    FORD, E.J., BOURRET, J.A. and SNYDER, W.C. (1967). Biologic specialization in Calonectria (Fusarium) rigidiusculain relation to green point gall of cocoa. Phytopathology, 57, 710–712.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    GÄUMANN, E. (1950). Principles of plant infection.Crosby Lockwood, London, 543 pp.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    GRANITI, A. (1960). Il “mal dell’esca” della vite in Puglia. Italia agric., 97, 543–550.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    GRANITI, A. (1962). Osservazioni su Spilocaea oleagina(Cast.) Hugh. I. Sulla localizzazione del micelio nelle foglie di Olivo. Phytopath. medit., 1, 157–165.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    GRANITI, A. (1965). Osservazioni su Spilocaea oleagina(Cast.) Hugh. III. Struttura submicroscopica della parete epidermica fogliare de11’Olivo sana o invasa dal fungo. Phytopath. medit., 4, 38–47.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    GRANITI, A. (1965a). Defence mechanisms in plants infected by scab or leaf-spot fungi. In: Atti del Seminario di Studi biologici.(QUAGLIARIELLO E., Ed.), Vol. 2, 217–228. Adriatica Editrice, Bari.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    GRANITI, A. and DE LEO, P. (1966). Osservazioni su Spilocaea oleagina(Cast.) Hugh. IV. Resistenza alla macerazione enzimatica come probabile reazione di difesa delle foglie di Olivo al parassita. Phytopath. medit., 5, 65–79.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    GRANITI, A., DE LEO, P. and BAGORDO, F. (1962). Osservazioni su Spilocaea oleagina(Cast.) Hugh. II. Attivita enzimatiche del fungo in relazione al suo insediamento nelle foglie di Olivo. Phytopath. medit., 2, 20–36.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    GRANITI, A. and MATTA, A. (1969). Indirizzi attuali degli studi sulla patogenesi delle malattie vascolari. Annls. Phytopath., 1, No. horssérie, 77–120.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    HOPKINS, D.L. and DURBIN, R.D. (1971). Induction of adventitious roots by culture filtrates of the hairy root bacterium, Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Can. J. Microbiol., 17, 1409–1412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    HUISINGH, D. and DURBIN, R.D. (1968). Histological observations on root formation induced by Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Phytomorphology, 18, 334–338.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    HUDSON, H.J. (1972). Fungal saprophytism, Arnold, London. 68 pp.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    HUGHES, S.J. (1953). Conidiophores, conidia and classification. Can. J. Bot., 31, 577–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    ISAAC, I. (1966). Vascular disease pathogens with particular reference to the genus Verticillium. J. Indian bot. Soc., 45, 209–231.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    LERARIO, P. (1975). Produzione di sostanze regolatrici di crescita da parte di Calonectria rigidiusculaf. sp. theobromae. Phytopath. medit.(In press).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    LERARIO, P., GRANITI, A. and REYES, H. (1972). Production in culture of plant growth regulating substances by Calonectria rigidiusculaf. sp. theobromae,the incitant of cacao galls. Inftore bot. ital., 4, 209–211.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    MILNE, R. and LOVISOLO, O. (1974). Viruses that cause grass tumors. New Scient., 113, 252–253.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    OUELLETTE, G.B. (1962). Studies on the infection process of Ceratocystis ulmi(Buism.) C. Moreau in American elm trees. Can. J. Bot., 40, 1567–1575.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    PETRI, L. (1930). Lo stato attuale delle ricerche sul “mal secco” dei limoni. Boll. Staz. Patol. veg. Roma, n.s., 10, 63–107.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    SPARAPANO, L. and GRANITI, A. (1975). Cutin degradation of two scab fungi, Spilocaea oleagina(Cast.) Hugh. and Venturia inaequalis(Cke.) Wint. (In press).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    STRANGE, R.N., MAJER, J.R. and SMITH, H. (1974). The isolation and identification of choline and betaine as the two compounds in anthers and wheat germ that stimulate Fusarium graminearum in vitro. Physiol. Pl. Path., 4, 277–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    STRANGE, R.N. and SMITH, H. (1971). A fundal growth stimulant in anthers which predisposes wheat to attack by Fusarium graminearum. Physiol. Pl. Path., 1, 141–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    SURICO, G., SPARAPANO, L., LERARIO, P., DURBIN, R.D. and IACOBELLIS, N. (1975). Cytokinin-like activity in extracts from culture filtrates of Pseudomonas savastanoi. Experientia(in press).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    SUTTON, B.S. (1973). Coelomycetes. In: The Fungi.An advanced treatise, (AINSWORTH, G.C, SPARROW, F.H. and SUSSMAN, A.S., Eds.), Vol. IVA, 513–582, Academic Press, New York and London.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    TALBOYS, P.W. (1968). Water deficits in vascular diseases. In: Water deficits and plant growth.(KOZLOWSKI, T.T., Ed.), Vol. 2, 255–311. Academic Press, New York and London.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    THOMAS, D.L. and SNYDER, W.C. (1970). Relationships among clones of Calonectria (Fusarium) rigidiusculaisolated from gall diseases of Theobroma cacao. Phytopathology, 60, 1542 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    WILSON, C.L. (1965). Ceratocystis ulmiin elm wood. Phytopathology, 55, 477.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    WOOD, R.K.S. (1967). Physiological Plant Pathology.Blackwell, Oxford and Edinburgh, 570 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Graniti
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Patologia vegetaleUniversity of BariItaly

Personalised recommendations