Advertisement

The Enzymology of Nitrogen Fixation

  • John Postgate
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 3)

Abstract

Nitrogen fixation is the name given to the conversion of atmospheric dinitrogen (N2) into a chemical form which plants and microbes can use for growth. It is the step in the nitrogen cycle which compensates for a loss of fixed nitrogen to the atmosphere caused by microbial reduction of the nitrate ion; the complete nitrogen cycle can be represented in many forms such as that below:

Keywords

Nitrogen Fixation Sodium Dithionite M8ssbauer Spectrum Azotobacter Vinelandii Clostridium Pasteurianum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Benemann, J. (1973) Science, 181, 164.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergersen, F.J. and Hipsley, E.H. (1970) J.gen.Microbiol., 60, 62.Google Scholar
  3. Breznak, J.A., Brill, W.J., Mertins, J.W., and Coppel, J.C. (1973) Nature, Lond., 244, 577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dilworth M.J., (1966) Biochim.biophys.Acta, 127, 285.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eady R.R. and Postgate, J.R. (1974) Nature, Lond., 249, 805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eady, R.R., Smith, B.E., Thorneley, R.N.F., Yates, M.G. and Postgate J.R. (1974) in Nitrogen fixation and the biosphere. Ed. Nutman, P.S. and Stewart, W.D.P., International Biological Programme.Google Scholar
  7. Hardy, R.W.F., Burns, R.C. and Holsten, R.D. (1973) Soil Biol.Biochem. 5, 47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hardy, R.W.F., Knight, E. and Jackson, E.K. (1967) Bact.Proc., p.112.Google Scholar
  9. Hardy, R.W.F., Holsten, R.D., Jackson, E.K. and Burns, R.C. (1968) Plant Physiol., 43, 1185.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hobson, P.N., Summers, R., Postgate, J.R. and Ware, D.A. (1973) J.gen.Microbiol., 77, 225.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kelly, M. & Lang, G. (1970) Biochem.biophys.Acta, 223, 86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mortenson, L.E., Mower, H.F. & Carnahan, J.E., (1962) Bacteriol.Rev., 26, 42.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Newton, W.E., Corbin, J.L., Schneider, P.W., and Bulen, W.A. (1971) J.Amer.Chem.Soc., 93, 268–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Postgate, J.R. (1971) The Chemistry and biochemistry of nitrogen fixation. London: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  15. Postgate, J.R. (1972) in Methods in Microbiology. Ed: Norris, J.R. & Ribbons, D.W., 6b, 343. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  16. Postgate, J.R. (1974) in Evolution in the Microbial World. Ed: Carlile, M.J. & Skehel, J.J. Symp.Soc.gen.Microbiol., 24, 263. Cambridge U.Press.Google Scholar
  17. Schollhorn, R. & Burris, R.H. (1967) Proc.nat.Acad.Sci., U.S.A., 57, 213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schrauzer, G.N., Doemeny, P.A., Kiefer, G.W., Kisch, H. & Tano, K. (1974) International Conference on the chemistry and uses of molybdenum, Reading, 1973.Google Scholar
  19. Thorneley, R.N.F. & Willison, K.R. (1974) Biochem.J., 134, 211.Google Scholar
  20. Werner, D., Russell, S. & Evans, H.J. (1973) Proc.nat.Acad.Sci., U.S.A., 70, 339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Postgate
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural Research Council, Unit of Nitrogen FixationUniversity of SussexBrighton, SussexUK

Personalised recommendations