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Physico-Chemical Aspects of Chromatin and Chromosome Structure

  • E. Fredericq
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 3)

Abstract

The genetic material of all higher organisms is constituted by a complex of DNA and proteins called chromatin. The purified chromatin isolated in vitro is also called nucleohistone or deoxyribonucleoprotein. In a few cases, i.e. in sperm nuclei, the basic constituents or histones are replaced by a class of still more basic proteins, the protamines which will not be considered here. In lower organisms such as protozoans, yeasts etc DNA is also associated with basic proteins which differ from the histones of higher organisms. Even in bacterial lysates proteins are found associated with DNA but it has not been proved that they were part of a native complex and even so they are quite distinct from histones.

Keywords

Double Helix Chromosome Structure Sperm Nucleus Chromatin Component Histone Fraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Fredericq
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Chimie PhysiqueUniversité de LiègeLiegeBelgium

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