That gases are present in marine sediments has been known for a long time. The nature and distribution of these gases have, however, received little investigation. Early studies were almost exclusively directed toward bay or estuarine environments and were essentially extensions of work undertaken on soil, swamps, and lakes. Much of the reliable work on shallow water marine environments was undertaken by Koyama and associates at Nagoya University [Koyama, 1953]. The first successful attempt to obtain quantitative data in deeper water sediments was made by Emery and Hoggan . They captured sediment in a core barrel that was capped and taken to the laboratory for gas removal and analyses by mass spectroscopy. From their analytical method, they were able to measure methane and several other volatile homologs. Although their techniques could not yield accurate data, as a first approximation, the results they obtained for shelf sediments off southern California are still valid. Subsequent studies by Reeburgh  and others have produced quantitative data for specific gases in specific environments.
KeywordsMarine Sediment Sound Velocity Interstitial Water Methane Hydrate Deep Water Sediment
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Abelson, P. H., Organic geochemistry and the formation of petroleum, Sixth World Petrol. Cong. Proc., Frankfurt/Main, Sec. I, pp. 397–407, 1963.Google Scholar
- Buckley, S. E., C. R. Hocott, and M. S. Taggart, Jr., Distribution of dissolved hydrocarbons in subsurface waters, in Habitat of Oil, edited by L. G. Weeks, pp. 850–882, Amer. Ass. Petrol. Geol., Tulsa, Okla., 1958.Google Scholar
- Claypool, G. E., B. J. Presley, and I. R. Kaplan, in Initial Reports of the Beep Sea Drilling Project, vol. 19, pp. 879–884, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, 1973.Google Scholar
- Emery, K. O., and D. Hoggan, Gases in marine sediments, Amer. Ass. Petrol. Geol. Bull., 42, 2174, 1958.Google Scholar
- Goldhaber, M. B., and I. R. Kaplan, The sulfur cycle, in The Sea, vol. 5, edited by E. Goldberg, pp. 394–454, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1973.Google Scholar
- Hoering, T. C., and P. H. Abelson, Hydrocarbons from kerogen, Annual Rept., Director Geophys. Lab., Carnegie Inst. Wash. Ir. Bk. 62, 229, 1963.Google Scholar
- Koyama, T., Measurement and analysis of gases in sediments, J. Earth Sci., Nagoya Univ., 1, 107, 1953.Google Scholar
- ZoBell, C. E., Microbial transformation of molecular hydrogen in marine sediments, with particular reference to petroleum, Amer. Ass. Petrol. Geol. Bull., 31, 1709, 1947.Google Scholar