Smooth Muscle pp 201-230 | Cite as

Recording of Intracellular Electrical Activity with Microelectrodes

  • H. Kuriyama
  • Y. Ito


Six decades ago, Fuchs (1910) and Brücke (1910) independently recorded electrical current from the smooth muscles of uterus, ureter, and retractor penis (see review of Evans, 1926). Action potentials of smooth muscle were first recorded in vivo by Alvarez and Mahoney (1922), and were recorded in vitro, from stomach muscle, two years later (Richter, 1924). Preliminary analysis of the active membrane potential recorded from various smooth muscles, e.g., uterus, urinary bladder, nictitating membrane, and pilar muscles, was made by Rosenblueth (1950). He classified the action potential into an initial (or spike) and a delayed potential.


Smooth Muscle Rest Membrane Potential Hypertonic Solution Glass Microelectrode Cable Equation 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Kuriyama
    • 1
  • Y. Ito
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology Faculty of DentistryKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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