In smooth muscle the functions of sensory receptor and effector may be combined in one cell (Bülbring, 1955). In the hollow organs in which smooth muscle is most commonly found, changes in the degree of distension often elicit active responses of the muscle coats. In some instances, as in the peristaltic reflex, the active responses are at least partly mediated by the nerve network present in the organ. On the other hand, stretch can cause contraction of nerve-free smooth muscle preparations or of preparations in which nervous activity has been blocked by pharmacological means.
KeywordsContractile Response Circular Muscle Intestinal Smooth Muscle Peak Tension Myogenic Response
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