The two major objectives of the function of the human sweat glands are:
  1. 1.

    To assist in the maintenance of body temperature through the evaporation of the sweat on the surface of the skin.

  2. 2.

    To aid in the maintenance of water, electrolyte, and nitrogen balance by excretion of excess water, electrolytes, and nitrogenous compounds.



Cystic Fibrosis Sweat Gland Eccrine Sweat Gland Excretory Duct Sweat Test 


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Selected Reading—Human Sweat

  1. Rothman, S., Physiology and Biochemistry of the Skin, Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois (1954).Google Scholar
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  45. 45.
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    Hungerland, H. and Liappis, N., Study of the free amino acids in human exocrine sweat, Klin. Wschr. 50: 973–976 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Prasad, A. S., Schulert, A. R., Sandstead, H. H., Miale, A., Jr., and Farid, Z., Zinc, iron, and nitrogen content of sweat in normal and deficient subjects, J. Lab. Clin. Med. 62: 84–89 (1963).Google Scholar
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    Fraki, J. E., Jansen, C. T., and Hopsu Havu, V. K., Human sweat kallikrein. Biochemical demonstration and chromatographic separation from several other esteropeptidases in the sweat, Acta Dermatol. Venereol. 50: 321–326 (1970).Google Scholar
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    Ahlmann, K. L., Eränkö, O., Karvonen, M. J., and Leppänen, V., Mineral composition of thermal sweat in healthy persons, J. Clin. Endocrinol. 13: 773–782 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Levin, S., Shapira, E., Garin, T., Seligson, S., and Strassberg, D., Effect of age, ethnic background and disease on sweat chlorides, Israel J. Med. Sci. 2: 333–337 (1966).Google Scholar
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    Danton, R. A. and Nyhan, W. L., Concentrations of uric acid in the sweat of control and mongoloid children, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 121: 270–271 (1966).Google Scholar
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    Coltman, C. A., Jr. and Rowe, N. J., The iron content of sweat in normal adults, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 18: 270–274 (1966).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel Natelson
    • 1
  • Ethan A. Natelson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryMichael Reese Hospital and Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Baylor College of Medicine Methodist HospitalHoustonUSA

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