Mechanisms of Cancer Invasion and Metastasis

  • Isaiah J. Fidler
Part of the Cancer book series (C, volume 4)


The spread of cancer cells from a primary site to a distant organ is called metastasis. It is one of the most intriguing phases in the pathogenesis of the disease; indeed, cancer metastasis is responsible for most therapeutic failures, as patients succumb to the multiple tumor growths. It would seem that, short of the complete prevention of cancer, the most urgent goal of oncologists should be the arrest and/or prevention of such tumor spread. In this regard, it is remarkable that current theories of the mechanisms responsible for cancer metastasis are fragmented and controversial. The following discussion is not intended to be totally inclusive or an exhaustive review of the literature. The prime intent is to summarize and consolidate early findings, hypotheses, and suggestions, and to describe some recent experiments. It is hoped that this presentation will promote further collaborative efforts to clarify and elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the pathogenesis of metastasis.


Lymph Node Tumor Cell Pulmonary Metastasis Circulate Tumor Cell Lymphatic System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isaiah J. Fidler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyUniversity School of Medicine, University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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