Molecular Diffusion in the Nematic and Smectic C Phase of 4–4′-Di-n-Heptyloxyazoxybenzene (HOAB)
Earlier measurements of the diffusion constant of the impurity molecule tetramethylsilane (TMS) when dissolved in a smectic A and smectic B liquid crystal have shown this quantity to be strongly anisotropic.1 That is, the diffusion constant in a direction perpendicular to the long molecular axis, D⊥, (diffusion within the smectic layers) is a much larger quantity than that in a direction parallel to the long molecular axis, D||, with a typical value for the ratio D||/D⊥ ~ 0.1. In the earlier work it was not possible, however, to obtain a measure of this ratio in the nematic phase. In this paper we report such a measurement as well as a measurement of the anisotropy in the smectic C phase. Much to our surprise, the ratio D||/D⊥ in the nematic phase varies strongly with temperature, exhibiting strong pretransition effects over most of the nematic temperature range.
KeywordsLiquid Crystal Molecular Diffusion Diffusion Constant Nematic Phase Uniform Magnetic Field
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