Viruses of Protists

  • Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat
  • Robert R. Wagner
Part of the Comprehensive Virology book series (AEMB, volume 244)


The viruses of protists, mostly of bacteria, will be listed alphabetically, Roman letters being followed by the corresponding Greek letters, followed by arabic numbers, followed by Roman numbers. The letter φ at the beginning of such symbols (presumably standing for phage, and not consistently used for the same phages) will be omitted throughout: thus φ X174 is X 174.


Bacillus Subtilis Coat Protein Buoyant Density Particle Weight Temperate Phage 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References (Section C)

  1. Adler, R., and Pootjes, C., 1972, J. Virol 10, 816.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Adolph, K. W., and Haselkorn, R., 1971, Virology 46, 200.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Adolph, K. W., and Haselkorn, R., 1973, Virology 53, 230.Google Scholar
  4. Althauser, M., Samsonoff, W. A., Anderson, C., and Conti, S. F., 1973, J. Virol. 10, 516.Google Scholar
  5. Alvarez, G., Salas, E., Pérez, N., and Celis, J. E., 1972, J. Gen. Virol. 14, 243.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Atkins, G. J., 1973, J. Virol. 12, 149.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Bambara, R., Padmanabhan, R., and Wu, R., 1973, J. Molec. Biol. 75, 741.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Banks, G. T., Buck, K. W., Chain, E. B., Darbyshire, J. E., Himmelweit, F., and Ratti, G., 1970, Nature 227, 505.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Barnet, Y. M., 1972, J. Gen. Virol. 15, 1.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Barrett, K., Calendar, R., Gibbs, W., Goldstein, R. N., Lindqvist, B., and Six, E., 1973, Prog. Med. Virol. 15, 309.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Bartell, P. F., and Orr, T. E., 1969, J. Virol. 3, 290.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Bartell, P. F., Orr, T. E., Reese, J. F., and Imaeda, T., 1971, J. Virol. 8, 311.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Bendis, I., and Shapiro, L., 1970, J. Virol. 6, 847.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Bertani, L. E., and Bertani, G., 1971, Adv. Genet. 16, 199.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Boling, M E., Allison, D. P., and Setlow, J. K., 1973, J. Virol. 11, 585.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Bradley, D. E., 1966, J. Gen. Microbiol. 45, 83.Google Scholar
  17. Bradley, D. E., 1967, Bacteriol. Rev. 31, 230.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Bradley, D. E., 1972, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 47, 142.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Bradley, D. E. 1973, Virology 51, 489.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Brown, D. T., Brown, N. C., and Burlingham, B. T., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 664.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Brownell, G. H., and Adams, J. N., 1967, J. Gen. Microbiol. 47, 247.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Bruce, J., Gourlay, R. N., Hull, R., and Garwes, D. J., 1972, J. Gen. Virol. 16, 215.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Brunovskis, I., Hyman, R. W., and Summers, W. C., 1973, J. Virol. 11, 306.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Buchwald, M., Steed-Glaister, P., and Siminovitch, L., 1970, Virology 42, 375.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Buck, K. W., and Kempson-Jones, G. F., 1973, J. Gen. Virol. 18, 223.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Burchard, R. P., and Voelz, H., 1972, Virology 48, 555.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Coetzee, J. N., Smit, J. A., and Prozesky, O. W., 1966, J. Gen. Microbiol. 44, 167.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Colon, A. E., Cole, R. M., and Leonard, C. G., 1971, J. Virol. 8, 103.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Contreras, R., Ysebaert, M., Min Jou, W., and Fiers, W., 1973, Nature New Biol. 241, 99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Cordes, S., Epstein, H. T., and Marmur, J., 1961, Nature 191, 1097.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Coyette, J., and Calberg-Bacq, C.-M., 1967, J. Gen. Virol. 1, 13.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Cummings, D. J., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 547.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Cummings, D. J., Kusy, A. R., Chapman, V. A., DeLong, S. S., and Stone, K. R., 1970, J. Virol. 6, 534.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Deeb, S. S., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 174.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. de Ley, J., Gillis, M., Pootjes, C. F., Kersters, K., Tytgat, R., and Van Braekel, M., 1972, J. Gen. Virol. 16, 199.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Diamond, L. S., Mattern, C. F. T., and Bartgis, I. L., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 326.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Domingo, E., Gordon, C. N., and Warner, R. C., 1972, Virology 49, 439.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Donelli, G., Guglielmi, F., and Paoletti, L., 1972, J. Molec. Biol. 71, 113.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Dowding, J. E., 1973, J. Gen. Microbiol. 76, 163.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Dunleavy, J. M., and Urs, N. V. R., 1973, J. Virol. 12, 188.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Egbert, L. N., 1972, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 281, 310.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Einck, K. H., Pattee, P. A., Holt, J. G., Hagedorn, C., Miller, J. A., and Berryhill, D. L., 1973, J. Virol. 12, 1031.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Eiserling, F. A., and Romig, W. R., 1962, J. Ultrastruct. Res. 6, 540.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Feary, T. W., Fisher, E., and Fisher, T. N., 1964, J. Bact. 87, 196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Fedoroff, N. V., and Zinder, N. D., 1973, Nature New Biol. 241, 105.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Forrest, G. L., and Cummings, D. J., 1970, J. Virol. 8, 41.Google Scholar
  47. Godson, G. N., 1973, J. Molec. Biol. 77, 467.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Gourlay, R. N., Bruce, J., and Garwes, D. J., 1971, Nature New Biol. 229, 118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Gourlay, R. N., Garwes, D. J., Bruce, J., and Wyld, S. G., 1973, J. Gen. Virol. 18, 127.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Gratia, J. P., 1973, Molec. Gen. Genet. 124, 157.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Haas, M., and Yoshikawa, H., 1969, J. Virol. 3, 233.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Harrison, S. C., Caspar, D. L. D., Camerini-Otero, R. D., and Franklin, R. M., 1971, Nature New Biol. 229, 197.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Henry, T. J., and Brinton, C. C. Jr., 1971, Virology 46, 754.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Herrlich, P., and Schweiger, M., 1970, J. Virol. 6, 750.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Humbert, R. D., and Fields, M. L., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 397.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Ikeda, H., and Tomizawa, J. -I., 1965, J. Molec. Biol. 14, 85.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Ito, J., and Spizizen, J., 1971, J. Virol. 7, 515.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Ito, J., Meinke, W., Hathaway, G., and Spizizen, J., 1973, Virology 56, 110.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Jesaitis, M. A., and Hutton, J. J., 1963, J. Exp. Med. 117, 285.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Johnson, K., Chow, C. T., Lyric, R. M., and van Caeseele, L., 1973, J. Virol. 12, 1160.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Kay, D., and Wakefield, A. E., 1972, J. Gen. Virol. 14, 271.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Kazama, F. Y., and Schorstein, K. L., 1972, Science 177, 696.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Khatoon, H., Iyer, R. V., and Iyer, V. N., 1972, Virology 48, 145.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. King, J., and Mykolajewycz, N., 1973, J. Molec. Biol. 75, 339.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. King, J., Lenk, E. V., and Bottstein, D., 1973, J. Molec. Biol. 80, 697.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Kisseleva, N. P., and Tikhonenko, T. L, 1972, Biokhimiya 37, 562.Google Scholar
  67. Kizer, P. E., and Saunders, G. F., 1972, Biochemistry 11, 1562.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Knovicka, J., Pope, L., and Wyss, O., 1972, J. Virol. 10, 150.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Königsberg, W., Maita, T., Katze, J., and Weber, K., 1970, Nature 227, 271.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Kozloff, L. M., Raj, C. V. S., Rao, R. N., Chapman, V. A., and Delong S., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 390.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Kraiss, J. P., Gelbart, S. M., and Juhasz, S. E., 1973, J. Gen. Virol. 20, 75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Kropinski, A. M. B., Bose, R. J., and Warren, R. A. J., 1973, Biochemistry 12, 151.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Laemmli, V. K., 1970, Nature 227, 680.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. LaMontagne, J. R., and McDonald, W. C., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 646.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Lengyel, J. A., Goldstein, R. N., Marsh, M., Sunshine, M. G., and Calendar, R., 1973, Virology 53. 1.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Leonard, K. R., Kleinschmidt, A. K., Agabian-Keshishian, N., Shapiro, L., and Maizel, J. V. Jr., 1972, J. Molec. Biol. 71, 201.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Levner, M. H., and Cozzarelli, N. R., 1972, Virology 48, 402.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Ley, A. N., Warner, H. R., and Kahn, P. L., 1972, Canad. J. Microbiol. 18, 375.Google Scholar
  79. Lisovskaya, K. V., 1972, Zh. Mikrobiol. Epidemiol. Immunobiol. 49, 80.Google Scholar
  80. Liss, A., and Maniloff, J., 1971, Science 173, 725.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Lomovskaya, N. D., Mkrtumian, N. M., Gostimskaya, N. L., and Danilenko, V. N., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 258.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Losick, R., and Robbins, P. W., 1967, J. Molec. Biol. 30, 445.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Lovett, P. S., 1972, Virology 47, 743.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Mackenzie, J. J., and Haselkorn, R., 1972, Virology 49, 497.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Maiti, M., and Chatterjee, S. N., 1971, J. Gen. Virol. 13, 327.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Male, C. J., and Christensen, J. R., 1970, J. Virol. 6, 727.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Manasse, R. J., Staples, R. C., Granados, R. R., and Barnes, E. G., 1972, Virology 47, 375.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Mare, I. J., de Klerk, H. C., and Prozesky, O. W., 1966, J. Gen. Microbiol. 44, 23.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Marmur, J., Brandon, C., Neubort, S., Ehrlich, M., Mandel, M., and Konvicka, J., 1972, Nature New Biol. 239, 68.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Martuscelli, J., Taylor, A. L., Cummings, D. J., Chapman, V. A., Delong, S. S., and Canedo, L., 1971, J. Virol. 8, 551.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Marvin, D. A., and Hoffmann-Berling, H., 1963, Nature 197, 517.Google Scholar
  92. Marvin, D. A., and Hohn, B., 1969, Bacterial Rev. 33, 172.Google Scholar
  93. Mathews, M. M., Miller, P. A., and Pappenheimer, A. M. Jr., 1966, Virology 29, 402.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Mattern, C. F. T., Diamond, L. S., and Daniel, W. A., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 342.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Mayer, F., Lotz, W., and Lang, D., 1973, J. Virol. 11, 946.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Meynell, E. W., 1961, J. Gen. Microbiol. 25, 253.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Meynell, G. G., and Lawn, A. M., 1968, Nature 217, 1184.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Milne, R. G., Thompson, G. W., and Taylor-Robinson, D., 1972, Arch. ges. Virusforsch. 37, 378.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Minamishima, Y., Takeya, K., Ohnishi, Y., and Amako, K., 1968, J. Virol. 2, 208.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Mise, K., 1971, J. Virol. 7, 168.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Miyake, T., Haruna, I., Itoh, Y. H., Yamane, K., and Watanabe, I., 1971, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 68, 2022.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Morris, J. A., Corbel, M. J., and Phillip, J. I. H., 1973, J. Gen. Virol. 20, 63.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Murialdo, H., and Siminovitch, L., 1972, Virology 48, 785.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Murray, K., and Murray, N. E., 1973, Nature New Biol. 243, 134.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Nagington, J., and Carne, H. R., 1971, J. Gen. Virol. 13, 167.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Nakanishi, H., Iida, Y., Maeshima, T., Teramoto, T., Hosaka, Y., and Oraki, M., 1966, Biken J. 9, 149.Google Scholar
  107. Nikolskaya, I. L, Tikhonenko, T. I., Guschin, B. V., and Korzhenko, V. K., 1972, Vopr. Virusol. 17, 294.Google Scholar
  108. Nikolskaya, I. L, Trushinskaya, G. N., and Tikhonenko, T. I., 1972, Biokhimiya 37, 101.Google Scholar
  109. Nishihara, T., and Watanabe, I., 1967, Virus, 17, 118.Google Scholar
  110. Notani, N. K., Seflon, J. K., and Allison, D. P., 1973, J. Molec. Biol. 76, 581.Google Scholar
  111. Novick, R., 1967, Virology 33, 155.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Nutter, R. L., Bullas, L. R., and Schultz, R. L., 1970, J. Virol. 5, 754.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Okamoto, K., Mudd, J. A., Huang, W. H., Subbaiah, T. V., and Marmur, J., 1968, J. Molec. Biol 34, 413.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Oki, T., Nishida, H., and Ozaki, A. 1972, J. Virol 9, 544.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Padmanabhan, R., and Wu, R., 1972, J. Molec. Biol. 65, 447.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Panter, R. A., and Symons, R. A., 1966, Austral. J. Biol. Sci. 19, 565.Google Scholar
  117. Parsons, C. L., Colon, A. E., Leonard, C. G., and Cole, R. M., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 876.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Pemberton, J. M., 1973, Virology 55, 558.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Petrovskii, I. V., Naroditskii, B. S., and Tikhonenko, T. I., 1970, Biokhimia 35, 911.Google Scholar
  120. Poglazov, B. F., Rodikova, L. P., and Sultanova, R. A., 1972, J. Virol 10, 810.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Poljak, R. J., and Suruda, A. J., 1969, Virology 39, 145.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Pons, F. W., 1966, Biochem. Z. 346, 26.Google Scholar
  123. Price, A. R., and Cook, S. J., 1972, J. Virol 9, 602.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Rabussay, D., Zillig, W., and Herrlich, P., 1970, Virology 41, 91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Ratti, G., and Buck, K. W., 1972, J. Gen. Virol. 14, 165.Google Scholar
  126. Riva, S. C., 1969, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 34, 824.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Robertson, H. D., Barrell, B. G., Weith, H. L., and Donelson, J. E., 1973, Nature New Biol 241, 38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Robinson, J. W., 1972, Biochem. 7. 128, 481.Google Scholar
  129. Roslycky, E. B., Allan, O. N., and McCoy, E., 1963, Canad. J. Microbiol 9, 199.Google Scholar
  130. Rosner, J. L., 1972, Virology 48, 679.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Russell, H., Norcross, N. L., and Kahn, D. E., 1969, J. Gen. Virol 5, 315.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Rutberg, L., Armentrout, R. W., and Jonasson, J., 1972, J. Virol. 9, 732.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Safferman, R. S., Diener, T. O., Desjardins, P. R., and Morris, M. E., 1972, Virology 47, 105.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Sanger, F., Donelson, J. E., Coulson, A. R., Kössel, H., and Fischer, D., 1973, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 70, 1209.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Schade, S. Z., Adler, J., and Ris, H., 1967, J. Virol. 1, 599.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Schindler, J., and Ludvik, J., 1972, Acta Virol 16, 501.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Scott, J. R., and Shuster, R. C., 1973, Virology 53, 484.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. Sherman, L. A., and Haselkorn, R., 1970, J. Virol 6, 820.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Shinozawa, T., 1973, Virology 54, 427.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Sinha, R. K., Misra, D. N., and Das Gupta, N. N., 1973, Virology 51, 493.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Snell, D. T., and Offord, R. E., 1972, Biochem. J. 127, 167.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Souza, K. A., Ginoza, H. S., and Haight, R. D., 1972, J. Virol 9, 851.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Stirm, S., and Freund-Mölbert, E., 1971, J. Virol 8, 330.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Strniste, G. F., and Taylor, W. D., 1972, J. Virol. 10, 1031.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. Studier, F. H., 1972, Science 176, 367.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. Taketo, A., and Kuno, S., 1969, J. Biochem. (Japan) 65, 361.Google Scholar
  147. Takeya, K., and Amako, K., 1966, Virology 28, 163.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. Tikhonenko, T. I., Velikodvorskaya, G. A., Bobkova, A. F., and Bartashevich, Y. E., 1973, Nature New Biol in press.Google Scholar
  149. Truffaut, N., Revet, B., and Soule, M.-O., 1970, Europ.J. Biochem. 15, 391.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. van Frank, R. M., Ellis, L. F., and Kleinschmidt, W. J., 1971, J. Gen. Virol 12, 33.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Velikodvorskaya, G. A., Bobkova, A. F., Petrovskii, G. V., and Tikhonenko, T. I., 1972, Vopr. Virusol 17, 332.Google Scholar
  152. Vidaver, A. K., Koski, R. K., and Van Etten, J. L., 1973, J. Virol 11, 799.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. Vieu, J. F., Guelin, A., and Daugnet, C., 1965, Ann. Inst. Pasteur 109, 157.Google Scholar
  154. Watanabe, H., and August, J. T., 1968, J. Molec. Biol 33, 1.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Watson, G., and Paigen, K., 1971, J. Virol 8, 669.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Weigel, P. H., England, P. T., Murray, K., and Old, R. W., 1973, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 70, 1151.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Weissmann, C., Billeter, M. A., Goodman, H. M., Hindley, J., and Weber, H., 1973, Ann. Rev. Biochem. 42, 3031.Google Scholar
  158. Weston, L., Drexler, H., and Richardson, S. H., 1973, J. Gen. Virol. 21, 155.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. Wilke, W., and Böhme, H., 1972, Mutation Res. 16, 133.Google Scholar
  160. Williams, L., and Meynell, G. G., 1971, Molec. Gen. Genet. 113, 222.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Wiseman, R. L., Dunker, A. K., and Marvin, D. A., 1972, Virology 48, 230.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Wittmann-Liebold, B., 1966, Z. Naturforsch. 21b, 1249.Google Scholar
  163. Wood, H. A., 1973, J. Gen. Virol. 20 (suppl.), 61.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Wood, H. A., and Bozarth, R. F., 1972, Virology 47, 604.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Yamagishi, H., and Ozeki, H., 1972, Virology 48, 316.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. Yelton, D. B., and Thorne, C. B., 1971, J. Virol. 8, 242.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. Ziff, E. B., Sedat, J. W., and Galibet, F., 1973, Nature New Biol. 241, 34.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Zsigray, R. M., Miss, A. L., and Landman, O. E., 1973, J. Virol. 11, 69.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. Zweig, M., and Cummings, D. J., 1973, Virology 51, 443.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat
    • 1
  • Robert R. Wagner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and Virus LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations