Thermoelectrostatic Effects in Superconductors

  • A. Th. A. M. de Waele
  • R. de Bruyn Ouboter
  • P. B. Pipes


Since the publication of the book by London1 the analogy between the properties of superconductors and helium II has received much attention. The striking phenomena in a superconductor such as the absence of resistance, the Meissner effect, flux quantization, and the Josephson effect, all have analogs in helium II. This analogy appears to be due to the fact that in helium II and in a superconductor a macroscopic number of quasiparticles occupy one single quasiparticle wave function. It appears that they both show a macroscopic quantum behavior.’ In view of this fundamental common feature one might ask whether the fountain effect in helium II also has an analog in superconductors.


Work Function Capacitive Coupling Superfluid Helium Meissner Effect Potential Jump 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Th. A. M. de Waele
    • 1
  • R. de Bruyn Ouboter
    • 1
  • P. B. Pipes
    • 1
  1. 1.Kamerlingh Onnes LaboratoryLeidenThe Netherlands

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