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Metastable Phases Produced by Rapid Quenching from the Vapor and the Liquid

  • A. K. Sinha
  • B. C. Giessen
  • D. E. Polk

Abstract

Though some metastable phases are obtained readily, e.g., common inorganic oxide glasses or some phases present in many varieties of steels, the phases of interest here are those which can be obtained only through the use of high effective quenching rates from the vapor or liquid phase. This includes many thin-film phases obtained by evaporation or sputtering and not-so-thin film phases obtained by rapid cooling from the melt and by electrodeposition from a liquid electrolyte. In the case of evaporation or sputtering of a metal, the substrate is exposed to a gaseous ambient containing metal as well as nonmetal atoms, whereas in the case of rapid quenching from the melt and electrodeposition, the ambient of the substrate is made up of a crystallographically uncorrelated assembly of atoms in the liquid phase or in solution.

Keywords

Metastable Phasis Radial Distribution Function Rapid Quenching Alloy Film Amorphous Metal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Sinha
    • 1
  • B. C. Giessen
    • 2
  • D. E. Polk
    • 2
  1. 1.Bell LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Institute of Chemical Analysis, Applications and Forensic ScienceNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA

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