Introduction to Chemical and Structural Defects in Crystalline Solids

  • Morris E. Fine
Part of the Treatise on Solid State Chemistry book series (TSSC, volume 1)


The concept of the crystalline solid defines the perfect crystal to be a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a three-dimensional periodic array of perfect order. A basic group of atoms or molecules, themselves in a definite arrangement, is repeated in space according to a regular pattern to give the crystal structure. That atoms are arranged in crystals in regular patterns was deduced during the latter part of the 18th century by early crystallographers, such as R. J. Haüy, from the occurrence of macroscopic planar faced crystals in nature. These ideas were confirmed when diffraction of crystals by X-rays was discovered by Von Laue in 1912 and by the subsequent determination of structure of crystals beginning with the Braggs.


Burger Vector Slip Plane Stack Fault Energy Screw Dislocation Edge Dislocation 
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© Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated 1921

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morris E. Fine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials ScienceNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

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