Plastic Deformation in Fine-Grain Ceramics

  • A. H. Heuer
  • R. M. Cannon
  • N. J. Tighe
Part of the Sagamore Army Materials Research Conference Proceedings book series (SAMC, volume 15)


Plastic deformation in fine-grain (i.e., ≤ 10 µ)ceramics is discussed. It is shown that fine-grain polycrystals can be exceptionally ductile, the fine grain size enhancing diffusional deformation and grain boundary sliding processes. The deformation is sensitive to both grain size and temperature.

The influence of grain size (1–10 µ),strain-rate (2 × 10−6 −3 × 10−4/sec), and temperature (1100–1700°C) on the deformation of fine-grain alumina has been studied. It is suggested that the predominant deformation mechanism in the larger grained polycrystals is diffusional creep, and that grain boundary sliding makes an increasingly important contribution as the grain size is decreased; in addition, deformation twinning can also be important. These results are shown to be consistent with previous work on deformation in polycrystalline alumina. A brief review of the literature on plastic deformation in fine-grain magnesia, beryllia, thoria, and Urania indicates that grain boundary sliding may be important for each of these materials as well.


Strain Rate Sensitivity Steady State Creep Deformation Twinning Basal Slip Grain Boundary Slide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Syracuse University Press Syracuse, New York 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Heuer
    • 1
  • R. M. Cannon
    • 2
  • N. J. Tighe
    • 3
  1. 1.Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Avco Advanced Technology DivisionLowellUSA
  3. 3.National Bureau of StandardsUSA

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