Endocrine and metabolic responses to cold in baboons

  • C. C. Gale
Part of the FASEB Monographs book series (FASEBM, volume 6)


When mammals are stressed by cold, the endocrine system is stimulated leading to increased “chemical” thermogenesis and a rise in resting metabolic rate. Probably most fundamental to this response is increased activity of the sympathicoadreno-medullary system, and/or augmented sensitivity to the calorigenic action of catecholamines, especially norepinephrine. Thus, when cold stimuli are applied peripherally (e.g., exposure to a cold environment), or internally (e.g., cooling the hypothalamus, spinal cord, or abdomen), the sympathicoadrenomedullary system is activated in all mammalian species studied, including rat, pig, goat, sheep, rhesus monkey, baboon, and man (3).


Thyroid Stimulate Hormone Brown Adipose Tissue Cold Exposure Rest Metabolic Rate Cold Water Immersion 
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Copyright information

© Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. C. Gale
    • 1
  1. 1.Regional Primate Research CenterUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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