A majority of the world’s population obtains at least half of its daily protein requirements from seafood and related products. Seafoods contribute less to the animal protein diet of most Americans because of the ready availability of meat, but they are still an important part of the preferred diet of many of our people. The lakes, streams, and rivers of the United States, and the seas adjacent to its coasts, play an important role in the welfare and economy of the country. These waters provide transportation, recreation, and avenues of waste disposal, as well as food. The aquatic environment of the United States, including the continental shelf to a depth of 100 fathoms, occupies about 17% of the total area (4,271,074 square miles); of this, 15% is seawater over the shelf and nearly 2% is freshwater in lakes, streams, and rivers.
KeywordsMarine Animal Fishing Effort Fishery Product Seaweed Extractive Chapter Viii
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Selected Addition Reading
- 1.Chapman, W. McL. Seafood supply and world famine—positive approach. AAS Symp. Food from the Sea. 29 Dec. 1969.Google Scholar
- 2.Firth, F. E. (editor). The Encyclopedia of Marine Resources, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1969.Google Scholar
- 3.Gilbert, De W. (editor). The Future of the Fishing Industry of the United States: A Symposium. Seattle: Univ. of Washington, Publication in Fisheries NS 4, 1968.Google Scholar
- 4.Hardy, A. D.The Open Sea. London: Collins, 1959.Google Scholar
- 6.Ricker, W. E. Food from the sea. In: Resources and Man. San Francisco: Freeman, 1969, p. 87–108.Google Scholar
- 7.Stansby, M. E. (editor). Industrial Fishery Technology. New York: Reinhold, 1963.Google Scholar