Transmission of Solar Radiation into Natural Waters

  • Raymond C. Smith
  • John E. Tyler


Physical and biological measurements in aquatic environments are becoming more accurate and precise as instruments and experimental techniques improve. These improved measurements go hand in hand with an increasingly quantitative description of the relationship between solar radiation, the optical properties of natural waters, and aquatic photoprocesses (e.g., Bannister, 1974; Kiefer and Austin, 1974; Morel and Smith, 1974; Patten, 1968). As man becomes increasingly aware of his own, often adverse, impact upon the aquatic environment, the techniques of optical oceanography assume greater importance as a means for the rapid and accurate assessment of this environment (e.g., Gibbs, 1974; Jerlov and Steemann Nielsen, 1974; Smith et al., 1973; Clark et al., 1969). It is timely, therefore, to formulate a consistent set of fundamental radiometric quantities, units, and nomenclature that will have consistent applicability to limnology and oceanography, as well as to photochemistry and photobiology.


Attenuation Coefficient Radiant Energy Crater Lake Spectral Irradiance Radiance Distribution 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond C. Smith
    • 1
  • John E. Tyler
    • 1
  1. 1.Visibility Laboratory, Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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