On the Nature of Alpha Feedback Training

  • Martin T. Orne
  • Stuart K. Wilson


A new kind of interaction between man and his body, biofeedback, elicited enthusiastic interest in many sectors of the scientific community in the late 1960s. A number of investigators had shown that automatic electronic sensing and feedback of a wide variety of usually unconscious physiological functions allowed individuals to directly influence internal processes that had previously been considered beyond volitional control. These included galvanic skin response (Crider, Shapiro, and Tursky, 1966), heart rate (Engel and Chism, 1967; Engel and Hansen, 1966), blood pressure (Shapiro, Tursky, Gershon, and Stern, 1969), evoked cortical potentials (Fox and Rudell, 1968; Rosenfeld, Rudell, and Fox, 1969), and EEG (Hart, 1968; Kamiya, 1969; Mulholland, 1968). Perhaps most impressive was the elegant demonstration by Miller and DiCara (1967) that curarized animals could acquire instrumental control over visceral and glandular responses.


Alpha Activity Clinical Neurophysiology Alpha Rhythm Total Darkness Alpha Wave 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin T. Orne
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stuart K. Wilson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Unit for Experimental PsychiatryThe Institute of Pennsylvania HospitalPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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