The Influence of Environmental Structure on Cognitive Development During Adolescence: A Theoretical Model and Empirical Testing
Research in cognitive psychology has focused on cognitive structures and operations in information processing systems (man or computer). Structures and processes are analyzed independently of the environmental structure. They are understood as general features of the individual’s cognitive capacity, which — though developing in interaction with the environment — are seen as qualitatively completely different from environmental structure. Thus, the concepts of intelligence and of cognitive skills are genuinely “psychological,” trying to explain human nature as an entity “sui generis,” separable from its environment (Resnick, 1976; Guilford, 1967; Piaget, 1946).
KeywordsCognitive Development Cognitive Structure Environmental Structure Objective Structure Organization Problem
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