Componential Investigations of Human Intelligence
For the past several years, I have been using a set of procedures that I call “componential analysis” to investigate performance in a variety of reasoning tasks: analogies, linear syllogisms, categorical syllogisms, classification problems, and series completion problems. The goal of componential analysis is to identify the component mental operations underlying a series of related information processing tasks, and to discover the organization of these component operations in terms of their relationships both to each other and to higher-order constellations of mental abilities. From a psychometric point of view, componential analysis may be viewed as a detailed algorithm for construct validation - the effort to elaborate the inferred traits (in our case, mental operations) determining test behavior (Campbell, 1960). From an information processing point of view, componential analysis may be viewed as a set of procedures for discovering the identity and organization of a set of elementary information processes (Newell & Simon, 1972).
KeywordsSpatial Model Component Process Analogical Reasoning Combination Rule Human Intelligence
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