Gesture and Silence as Indicators of Planning in Speech

  • Brian Butterworth
  • Geoffrey Beattie
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 4b)


A characteristic of human talk is that it is typically accompanied by bodily movements, most noticeably of the arms and hands. It is a matter of common observation that a subclass of these hand and arm movements appear intimately linked with the process of speech production: they are rhythmically timed with the speech, and often seem to reflect the meaning which the speech expresses. We call these movements Speech Focussed Movements (SFMs). These can be distinguished from other movements which accompany speech, scratches, twitches and the like, since the latter are not timed with speech, and do not in any apparent way reflect the meaning of what is said.


Planning Phase Speech Production Temporal Cycle Lexical Item Execution Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Butterworth
    • 1
  • Geoffrey Beattie
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CambridgeUK

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