A Perspective on Biofeedback

  • A. H. Black
  • A. Cott
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 2)


When beginning to prepare the opening address for a symposium such as this, one immediately feels the hand of tradition attempting to guide his own. There are certain topics that should be covered, and certain forms that should be followed. In such an address, the history of the field is reviewed, and attention is focused on interesting and impressive contributions. Above all, there is a compulsion to be positive--to praise what has been done, and to forecast an even more rosy future.


Stimulus Control Operant Conditioning Voluntary Control Autonomic Response Relaxation Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alexander, A. B., Holland, P. W., and Wallace, H. M. Training and transfer of training effects in EMG biofeedback assisted muscular relaxation. Proceedings of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Fifteenth Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada, 1975. ( Abstract )Google Scholar
  2. Basmajian, J. V. Control and training of individual motor units. Science, 1963, 141, 440–441.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Black, A. H. Autonomic aversive conditioning in infrahuman subjects. In F. R. Brush (Ed.), Aversive conditioning and learning. New York: Academic Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  4. Black, A. H. The direct control of neural processes by reward and punishment. American Scientist, 1971, 59, 236–245.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Black, A. H. Hippocampal electrical activity and behavior. In R. L. Isaacson and K. H. Pribram (Eds.), The hippocampus (Volume 2 ). New York: Plenum, 1975.Google Scholar
  6. Black, A. H., Cott, A., and Pavloski, R. The operant learning theory approach to biofeedback training. In G. E. Schwartz and J. Beatty (Eds.), Biofeedback: Theory and research. San Francisco: Academic Press, in press.Google Scholar
  7. Blanchard, E. B., and Young, L. B. Self-control of cardiac functioning: A promise as yet unfulfilled. Psychological Bulletin, 1973, 79, 145–163.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fetz, E. E. Operant conditioning of cortical unit activity. Science, 1969, 163, 955–957.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fowler, R. L., and Kimmel, F. D. Operant conditioning of the GSR. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1962, 63, 563–567.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fox, S. S., and Rudell, A. P. Operant controlled neural event: Formal and systematic approach to electrical coding of behavior in brain. Science, 1968, 162, 1299–1302.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Geschwind, N. The apraxias: Neural mechanisms of disorders of learned movement. American Scientist, 1975, 63, 188–195.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Harrison, V. F., and Mortensen, O. A. Identification and voluntary control of single motor activity in the tibialis anterior muscle. Anatomical Record, 1962, 144, 109–116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kamiya, J. Conscious control of brain waves. Psychology Today, 1968, 1, 57–60.Google Scholar
  14. Kimmel, H. D. Instrumental conditioning of autonomically mediated behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 1967, 67, 337–345.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Melzack, R., and Perry, C. Self-regulation of pain: The use of alpha-feedback and hypnotic training for the control of chronic pain. Experimental Neurology, 1975, 46, 452–469.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Miller, N. E. Learning of visceral and glandular responses. Science, 1969, 163, 434–445.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Miller, N. E., and DiCara, L. V. Instrumental learning of heart-rate changes in curarized rats: Shaping and specificity to discriminative stimulus. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1967, 63, 12–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Obrist, P. A., Black, A. H., Brener, J., and DiCara, L. V. (Eds.). Cardiovascular psychophysiology: Current issues in response mechanisms, biofeedback, and methodology. Chicago: Aldine, 1974.Google Scholar
  19. Olds, J., and Olds, M. E. Interference and learning in paleocortical systems. In J. F. Delafresnaye (Ed.), Brain mechanisms and learn-Lm. Oxford: Blackwell, 1961.Google Scholar
  20. Smith, S. L., Black, A. H., Vanderwel-Johnson, C., and Cott, A. Successful behavioural treatment for hypertension: A study of methods and predictors. Paper presented at the Canadian Psychiatric Association Meetings, Calgary, Alberta, September 1975.Google Scholar
  21. Sterman, M. B., Wyrwicka, W., and Roth, S. Electrophysiological correlates and neural substrates of alimentary behavior in the cat. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1969, 157, 723–739.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Black
    • 1
  • A. Cott
    • 1
  1. 1.McMaster UniversityCanada

Personalised recommendations