Driver Decision-Making Research in a Laboratory Simulation
This paper reviews a simulation approach to the study of driver decision-making behavior. Tasks were set up with rewards and penalties applied as performance incentives. Simulation tasks were selected that would fit into a decision context and could be efficiently implemented. Familiar driving situations were chosen to give an interesting, motivating driving scenario and cover a range of decision-making situations. The tasks were programmed to occur randomly and repeatedly in a simulated continuous drive. Expected Value Theory was used both to set up task conditions and as a means for data analysis and interpretation. Both performance and decisionmaking behavior were measured. Decision-making behavior was consistent with an Expected Value decision-making model interpretation.
KeywordsSubjective Probability Driving Situation National Highway Traffic Safety Driving Scenario Amber Light
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Lewis, E. V., Jr., and K. Sarlanis, The Effects of Alcohol on Decision Making with Respect to Traffic Signals, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare Rept. ICRL-RR-68–4, 1969.Google Scholar
- 2.Cohen, H. S., and W. R. Ferrell, “Human Operator Decision-Making in Manual Control,” IEEE Trans., MMS-10(2), 2 June 1969, 41–47.Google Scholar
- 3.Light, W. O., and C. G. Keiper, Effects of Moderate Blood Alcohol Levels on Automobile Passing Behavior, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare Rept. ICRL-RR-69–4, 1971.Google Scholar
- 4.Ellingstad, V. S., L. H. McFarling, and L. L. Struckman, Alcohol, Marijuana and Risk Taking, DOT HS-801 028, Apr. 1973.Google Scholar
- 5.Edwards, W., “Dynamic Decision Theory and Probabilistic Information Processing,” Human Factors, 15(5), May 1972, 267–277.Google Scholar
- 6.Sheridan, T. B., and W. R. Ferrell, Man-Machine Systems: Information, Control, and Decision Models of Human Performance, Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1974.Google Scholar
- 7.Edwards, W., and A. Tversky, Decision Making, Middlesex, Eng., Penguin Books, 1967.Google Scholar
- 8.Allen, R. W., J. R. Hogge, and S. H. Schwartz, “An Interactive Driving Simulation for Driver Control and Decision-Making Research,” in NASA TM S-62,464, May 1975, 396–407.Google Scholar