The Distribution of Environmental Quality: Some Canadian Evidence

  • Brian A. Emmett
  • Linda E. Perron
  • Paolo F. Ricci
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 3)


This paper represents an attempt to define the natural environment in a way which is operational in economic terms and then examine the influence the use of the natural environment has on socio-economic disparities within society. Its purpose is twofold. First it contains a brief outline of the approach taken and the evidence assembled at Environment Canada on the distribution of environmental costs and benefits among individuals and households in society, some of which have previously been reported elsewhere.(12) Second, and in more general terms, it discusses the importance of distributional considerations in understanding the behavioural nature of environmental problems, and how such considerations are a concern in implementing effective environmental management programs.


Environmental Quality Income Group Environmental Service Environmental Resource Income Elasticity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Baumol, W.J., “Environmental Protection and the Distribution of Incomes,” in Problems of Environmental Economists, Paris, OECD, 1972.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baumol, W.J., and Oates, W.E., The Thoery of Environmental Policy, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. Prentice Hall Incorporated, 1975.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dick, D.T., Pollution, Congestion and Nuisance, Lexington, Mass., Lexington Books, 1974.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Evans, M.K., “A Forecasting Model Applied to Pollution Control Costs” American Economic Association: Papers and Proceedings, 1973, pp. 244–252.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fisher, A.C., and Peterson, F.M., “The Environment and Economics: A Survey,” Journal of Economic Literature, Mar, 1976, pp. 1–33.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Freeman, A.M., “Distribution of Environmental Quality,” in Kneese, A.V., and Bower, B.T., Environmental Quality Analysis: Theory and Method in the Social Sciences, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press for Resources for the Future, 1972.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Henderson, J.M., and Quandt, R.E., Microeconomic Theory, New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1971.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kneese, A.V. Management Science, Economics and Environmental Science,” Management Science, Volume 19, No. 10, pp. 1122–1137.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lancaster, K.J., “A New Approach to Consumer Theory”, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 74, No. 2, 1966, pp. 132–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lave, L.B., “Air Pollution Damage: Some Difficulties in Estimating the Value of Abatement,” in Kneese, A.V., and Bower, B.T., Environmental Quality Analysis: Theory and Method in the Social Sciences, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press for Resources for the Future, 1972.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    LeBlanc, F., and de Sloover, J., “Relations between Industrialization and the Distribution of Epiphytic Lichens and Mosses in Montreal,” Canadian Journal of Botany, Vol. 48, No. 7, 1970, pp. 1485–1496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ricci, P.F., Perron, L.E., and Emmett, B.M., “An Analytical Investigation of the Distributional Impact of Environmental Quality on Socio-economic Groups in Canada,” paper prepared for the 40th Annual Educational Conference, National Environmental Health Association, June 26 — July 1, 1976, Nashville, Term.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Statistics Canada, Family Expenditure in Canada: Volume III, Major Urban Centres, 1969. Catalogue 62–537, Occasional, Ottawa, Information Canada, 1973.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Statistics Canada, Population and Housing Characteristics by Census Tracts, Catalogue 95–704, Ottawa, Information Canada, 1974.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stevens, T.H., and Kalter, R.J., “Evaluation of Public Investments: Distributional Impacts of Water Resource Projects,” Search: Agriculture, Vol. 2, No. 12, 1972, pp. 1–39.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian A. Emmett
    • 1
  • Linda E. Perron
    • 1
  • Paolo F. Ricci
    • 1
  1. 1.Office of the Science AdvisorEnvironment CanadaOttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations