What’s New in the Treatment of Obesity?
There has been mounting pressure to translate research findings into useful information for the medical community in its quest for the prevention and treatment of disease. Research in disorders such as obesity, which are of clear relevance to public health, must be translated periodically into brief reviews that bear directly on therapy. Recently, laboratories of endocrinology and metabolism, as well as of sociology, psychology, and physiology, have studied a variety of approaches to the treatment of obesity. It is with these considerations in mind that this chapter on obesity for The Year in Metabolism 1976–1977 is concerned exclusively with the question “what’s new in the treatment of obesity?” The most concise answer to this question is: Nothing of low risk and proven lasting benefit.
KeywordsObesity Arthritis Depression Carbohydrate Osteoporosis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American Medical News, 1977, AMA advises caution on diet, May 23, p. 9. Bistrian, B. R., Blackburn, G. L., Flatt, J. P., Sizer, J., Scrimshaw, N. S., and Sherman, M., 1976, Nitrogen metabolism and insulin requirements in obese diabetic adults on a protein-sparing modified fast, Diabetes 25:494–504.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bruch, H., 1973, Eating Disorders: Obesity, Anorexia Nervosa and the Person Within, p. 396, Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
- Colin, C., and Joseph, D., 1962, Influence of body weight and body fat on appetite of “normal” lean and obese rats, Yale J. Biol. Med. 34:598.Google Scholar
- Drenick, E. J., 1973, Weight reduction by prolonged fasting in obesity in perspective, DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 75–708, Stock No. 017–053-00046–9, pp. 341–360, U.S. Goverment Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- Linn, R., 1977, The Last Chance Diet, Bantam Books, New York.Google Scholar
- Penick, S. B., and Stunkard, A. J., 1977 (personal communication).Google Scholar
- Rand, C. S. W., and Stunkard, A. J., 1977, Obesity and psychoanalysis, Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (in press).Google Scholar
- Rodin, J., Herman, C. P., and Schachter, S., 1974, Obesity and various tests of external sensitivity, in: Obese Humans and Rats (S. Schachter and J. Rodin, eds.), pp. 89–96, Erlbaum, Potomac, Maryland.Google Scholar
- Schachter, S., and Rodin, J. (eds.), 1974, Obese Humans and Rats, p. 182, Erlbaum, Potomac, Maryland.Google Scholar
- Stuart, R. B., and Davis, B., 1972, Slim Chance in a Fat World, p. 240, Research Press, Champaign, Illinois.Google Scholar
- Stunkard, A. J., 1950, Eating patterns of obesity, Psychiatr. Q. 33:284–295.Google Scholar
- Williams, A. E., and Duncan, B., 1976, Comparative results of an obesity clinic and a commercial weight reducing organization, Med. J. Aust. 1:800–802.Google Scholar