Advertisement

Photoelectrochemical Kinetics

  • John O’M. Bockris
  • Shahed U. M. Khan

Abstract

In this chapter we will discuss the phenomenon of ejection of electrons from an electrode material (metal and semiconductor) due to the influence of light (photons of electromagnetic radiation) when it is exposed to a light source of appropriate energy.

Keywords

Conduction Band Valence Band Quantum Efficiency Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Solvent State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    D. A. Dubridge, Phys. Rev. 29, 108 (1932).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Goetz, Phys. Rev. 33, 373 (1929).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Lawrence and L. Linford, Phys. Rev. 36, 482 (1930).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Wedler, C. Wofing, and P. Wassman, Surface Sci. 24, 302 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. H. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 38, 45 (1931).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Summerfeld, Z. Physik 47, 1 (1928).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. B. Matthews and S. U. M. Khan, Austral. J. Chem. 28, 253 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. O’M. Bockris and D. B. Matthews, Proc. Roy. Soc, (London) A292, 479 (1966).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. E. Clark and A. B. Garrett, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 61, 1805 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. W. Copeland, O. D. Black, and A. D. Garrett, Chem. Rev. 31, 177 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    P. J. Hillson and E. K. Rideal, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 199, 295 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Berg and H. Schweiss, Electrochim. Acta. 9, 425 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Berg and H. Schweiss, J. Electroanal Chem. 15, 415 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Heyrovsky, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 301, 411 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Heyrovsky and F. Pucciarelli, J. Electroanal. Chem. 75, 353 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. C. Barker, A. W. Gardner, and D. C. Sammon, J. Electrochem. Soc. 113, 1183 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. C. Barker, Electrochim. Acta. 13, 1221 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. C. Barker and A. W. Gardner, Electroanal Chem. 47, 205 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. C. Barker, D. McKeown, M. J. Williams, G. Bottara, and V. Concialini, Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc. 56, 41 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. de Levie and J. E. Kreuser, J. Electroanal. Chem. 21, 221 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yu. V. Pleskov and Z. A. Rotenberg, J. Electroanal. Chem. 20, 1 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yu. V. Pleskov, Z. A. Rotenberg, V. V. Eletsky, and V. E. Lakomov, Faraday Disscuss. Chem. Soc. 56, 53 (1974).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. I. Vesselovskii, Zhur. Fiz. Khim. 20, 1493 (1946).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. O’M. Bockris, Modem Aspects of Electrochemistry (J. O’M. Bockris and B. E. Conway, eds.), Vol. 1, Plenum Press, New York, (1954).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. M. Brodskii and Yu. Ya. Gurevich, Zhur. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 54, 213 (1968).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. M. Brodskii, Yu. Ya. Gurevich, and V. G. Levich, Phys. Status Solidi. 40, 139 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. M. Brodskii and Yu. V. Pleskov, Progr. Surface Sci. 2, 1 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. O’M. Bockris, S. U. M. Khan, and K. Uosaki, J. Res. Inst. Catal. Hokkaido Univ. 24, 1 (1976).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. O’M. Bockris, M. A. V. Devanathan, and J. Muller, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A274, 55 (1963).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    F. Constantinescu and E. Magyari, Problems in Quantum Mechanics Pergamon Press, Oxford (1971).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. O’M. Bockris and A. K. N. Reddy, Modern Electrochemistry, Vol. 2, Plenum Press, New York (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. A. Marcus, (a) J. Chem. Phys. 24, 966 (1956); (b) J. Chem. Phys. 43, 679 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    V. G. Levich, Physical Chemistry, An Advanced Treatise (H. Eyring, D. Henderson, and W. Jost, ed.), Vol. IXB, Academic Press, New York (1971).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. P. Schmidt, J. Phys. Chem. 11, 488 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    K. Fueki, D. F. Feng, and L. Kevan, J. Phys. Chem. 74, 1976 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    L. Kevan, Advances in Radiation Chemistry (M. Burton and J. L. Magee, eds.), John Wiley & Sons, New York (1974).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    P. Krolikowski and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 185, 882 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics (4th ed.), John Wiley & Sons, New York (1971).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. O’M. Bockris and D. B. Matthews, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A292, 479 (1966).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    S. Trasatti, J. Electroanal. Chem. 52, 313 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    J. O’M. Bockris and M. A. Habib, J. Electroanal. Chem. 68, 479 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    K. Uosaki, Ph.D. Thesis, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide (1976).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    J. Valasek, International Critical Tables, Vol. VI, p. 248 (1929).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    L. I. Korshanov, Ja. M. Zolotovitskii, and V. A. Benderskii, Russ. Chem. Rev. 40, 699 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    H. Genscher, Physical Chemistry: An Advanced Treatise (H. Eyring, ed.), Vol. 9A, Chapter 5, Academic Press, New York (1970).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    V. A. Myamlin and Yu. V. Pleskov, Electrochemistry of Semiconductors, Plenum Press, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  47. Yu. Ya. Gurevich, M. D. Krotova, and Yu. V. Pleskov, J. Electroanal. Chem. 75, 339 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 47.
    C. G. B. Garrett and W. H. Brattain, Phys. Rev. 99, 376 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 48.
    E. O. Johnson, Phys. Rev. 111, 153 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 49.
    D. Laser and A. J. Bard, J. Electrochem. Soc. 123, 1828 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 50.
    J. O’M. Bockris and K. Uosaki, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 3, 157 (1977).Google Scholar
  52. 51.
    L. V. Azaroff and J. J. Brophy, Electronic Processes in Materials, Chapter 7, McGraw-Hill, New York (1963).Google Scholar
  53. 52.
    S. M. Ryvkin, Photoelectric Effect in Semiconductors (English edition), Chapter XIII, Consultants Bureau, New York (1964).Google Scholar
  54. 53.
    R. W. Gurney, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 34A, 137 (1932).Google Scholar
  55. 54.
    B. I. Seraphin and H. E. Bennett, Semiconductors and Semimetals (R. K. Willardson and A. C. Beer, eds.), Vol. 3, Chapter 12, Academic Press, New York (1967).Google Scholar
  56. 55.
    G. W. Gobeli and F. G. Allen, Semiconductors and Semimetals (R. K. Willardson and A. C. Beer, eds.), Vol. 2, Chapter 11, Academic Press, New York (1966).Google Scholar
  57. 56.
    J. I. Pankove, Optical Processes in Semiconductors, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey (1971).Google Scholar
  58. 57.
    J. O’M. Bockris and R. K. N. Reddy, Modern Electrochemistry, Plenum Press, New York (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 58.
    T. Watanabe, A. Fujishima and K. Honda, Chem. Lett. p. 897 (1974).Google Scholar
  60. 59.
    D. J. Benard and P. Handler, Surface Sci. 40, 141 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 60.
    F. Möllers, H. J. Tolle, and R. Memming, J. Electrochem. Soc. 121, 1160 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 61.
    Yu. Ya. Gurevich, Electrokhim., 8, 1564 (1972).Google Scholar
  63. 62.
    Yu. Ya. Gurevich, M. D. Krotova, and Yu. V. Pleskov, J. Electroanal. Chem. 75, 339 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 63.
    E. O. Kane, Phys. Rev. 121, 131 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 64.
    F. P. Bowden, Trans. Faraday Soc. 27, 505 (1931).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 65.
    L. E. Price, Ph.D. Thesis, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England (1938).Google Scholar
  67. 66.
    C. Durst and D. Taylor, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Standards 69a, 517, (1965).Google Scholar
  68. 67.
    C. Crow and D. Ling, J. Chem. Soc. Dalton, p. 698 (1972).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • John O’M. Bockris
    • 1
  • Shahed U. M. Khan
    • 2
  1. 1.Texas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.University of BonnBonnWest Germany

Personalised recommendations