Parallel Pathways Connecting the Primate Superior Colliculus with the Posterior Vermis

An Experimental Study Using Autoradiographic and Horseradish Peroxidase Tracing Methods
  • Joseph T. Weber
  • John K. Harting
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)

Abstract

Since the initial report of Snider and Stowell (1944), many studies have shown that an extensive region of the posterior vermis of the cerebellum is responsive to photic stimulation (see Fadiga and Pupilli, 1964 and Armstrong, 1974, for reviews). While the pathways over which visual information reaches the posterior vermis are not well established, recent studies in our laboratory have focused upon the connections between the superior colliculus, a target of the retina in all mammals, and the inferior olivary complex, the primary source of climbing fiber input to the cerebellum (Szetágothai and Rajkovits, 1959).

Keywords

Formalin Sucrose Retina Proline Neurol 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alley, K., Baker, R., and Simpson, J. I. 1975. Afferents to the vestibulo-cerebellum and the origin of the visual climbing fibers in the rabbit. Brain Res. 98:582–589.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Antonetty, C. M., and Webster, K. E. 1975. The organization of the spinal tectal projection. An experimental study in the rat. J. Comp. Neurol. 163:449–466.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Armstrong, D. M. 1974. Functional significance of connections of the inferior olive. Physiol. Rev. 54:358–417.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Berman, N. 1977. Connections of the pretectum in the cat. J. Comp. Neurol. 174:227–254PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bowman, J. B., and Sladek, J. R. 1974. Morphology of the inferior olivary complex of the rhesus monkey (Macaco, mulatto).J. Comp. Neurol. 152:299–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Campos-Ortega, J. A., Hayhow, W. R., and Cluver, P. F. De. 1970. The descending projections from the cortical visual fields of Macaca mulatto with particular reference to the question of a cortico-lateral geniculate pathway. Brain Behau. Evol. 3:368–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cowan, W. M., Gottleib, D. I., Hendrickson, A. E., and Woolsey, T. A. 1972. The autoradiographic demonstration of axonal connections in the central nervous system. Brain Res., 37:21–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dräger, V. C., and Hubel, D. H. 1975. Responses to visual stimulation and relationship between visual, auditory, and somatosensory inputs in mouse superior colliculus. J. Neurophysiol. 3:690–713.Google Scholar
  9. Fadiga, A., and Pupilli, G. C. 1964. Teleceptive components of the cerebellar function. Physiol. Rev. 44:432–486.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Garey, L. J., Jones, E. G., and Powell, T. P. S. 1968. Interrelationships of striate and extrastriate cortex with primary relay sites of the visual pathway. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 31:135–157.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Geisert, E. E., Jr. 1976. The use of tritiated horseradish peroxidase for defining neuronal pathways: A new application. Brain Res. 117:130–135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gordon, B. 1973. Receptive fields in deep layers of cat superior colliculus. J. Neurophysiol. 36:157–178.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Graybiel, A. M. 1974. Visuo-cerebellar and cerebello-visual connections involving the ventral lateral geniculate nucleus. Exp. Br. Res. 20:303–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Harting, J. K. 1977. Descending pathways from the superior colliculus: An autoradiographic analysis in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatto).J. Comp. Neurol. 173:583–612.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harting, J. K., Hall, W. C., Diamond, I. T., and Martin, G. F. 1973. Anterograde degeneration study of the superior colliculus in Tupaia glis: Evidence for a subdivision between superficial and deep layers. J. Comp. Neurol. 148:361–386.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Llinäs, R. 1974. Motor aspects of cerebellar control. The Physiologist 17:19–46.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Maekawa, K., and Simpson, J. I. 1973. Climbing fiber responses evoked in vestibulocerebellum of rabbit visual system. J. Neurophysiol. 36:649–666.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Maekawa, K., and Takeda, T. 1976. Electrophysiological identification of the climbing and mossy fiber pathways from the rabbit’s retina to the contralateral cerebellar flocculus. Brain Res., 109:169–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Martin, G. F. 1969. Efferent tectal pathways of the opossum. J. Comp. Neurol. 135:209–244.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mehler, W. R., Feferman, M. E., and Nauta, W. J. H. 1960. Ascending axon degeneration following anterolateral cordotomy. An experimental study in the monkey. Brain 83:718–750.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mizuno, N., Mochizuki, K., Akimoto, C., and Matsushimi, R. 1973. Pretectal projections to the inferior olive in the rabbit. Exp. Neurol. 39:498–506.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Moore, R. Y., and Goldberg, J. M. 1963. Ascending projections of the inferior colliculus in the cat. J. Comp. Neurol. 121:109–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nauta, W. J. H., and Bucher, V. M. 1954. Efferent connections of the striate cortex of the albino rat. J. Comp. Neurol. 100:257–285.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Robinson, D. A. 1972. Eye movements evoked by colliculus stimulation in alert monkey. Vision Res. 12:1795–1809.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Robinson, D. L., and Jarvis, C. D. 1974. Superior colliculus neurons studies during head and eye movements of the behaving monkey. J. Neurophysiol. 37:533–540.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Ron, S., and Robinson, D. A. 1973. Eye movements evoked by cerebellar stimulation in the alert monkey. J. Neurophysiol 36:1004–1022.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Schiller, P., and Koerner, F. 1971. Discharge characteristics of single units in superior colliculus of the alert rhesus monkey. J. Neurophysiol., 34:920–936.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Schiller, P. H., and Stryker, M. 1972. Single unit recording and stimulation in superior colliculus of the alert rhesus monkey. J. Neurophysiol. 35:915–925.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Snider, R., and Stowell, A. 1944. Receiving areas of the tactile, auditory and visual systems in the cerebellum. J. Neurophysiol. 7:331–357.Google Scholar
  30. Sparks, D. L. 1975. Response properties of eye movement-related neurons in the monkey superior colliculus. Brain Res. 90:141–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sparks, D. L., Holland, R., and Guthrie, B. L. 1976. Size and distribution of movement fields in the monkey superior colliculus. Brain Res. 113:21–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Stein, B. E., Magelhaes-Castro, B., and Kruger, L. 1976. Relationship between visual and tactile representation in cat superior colliculus. J. Neurophysiol. 39:401–419.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Steward, W. A., and King, R. B. 1963. Fiber projections from the nucleus caudatus and the spinal trigeminal nucleus. J. Comp. Neurol. 121:271–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Stryker, M. P., and Schiller, P. H. 1975. Eye and head movement evoked by electrical stimulation of monkey superior colliculus Exp. Brain Res. 23:103–112.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Szentágothai, J., and Rajkovits, K. 1959. Über den Ursprung der Kletterfasern des Kleinhirn. Z. Anal. Entwicklungsgesch. 121:130–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Takeda, T., and Maekawa, K. 1976. The origin of the pretecto-olivary tract. A study using the horseradish peroxidase method. Brain Res. 117:319–325.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Weber, J. T., and Harting, J. K. 1975. On the connections of the pretectum of the tree shrew (Tupaia glis).Neur. Sci. Abst. 1:45.Google Scholar
  38. Wurtz, R. H., and Goldberg, M. E. 1972. Activity of superior colliculus in behaving monkey. III. Cells discharging before eye movements. J. Neurophysiol. 35:575–586.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph T. Weber
    • 1
  • John K. Harting
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations