Structural Organization and Communicatory Functions of Olfaction in Nonhuman Primates

  • Gisela Epple
  • David Moulton
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


Our knowledge of primate chemical communication lags far behind that of visual and vocal patterns. This is not surprising, considering the limitations placed on the human observer by his own sensory capacities. Because of his relatively poorly developed sense of smell, the human observer is much more likely to record a visual or vocal pattern of communication than an odor. Therefore, much of the chemical communication possibly going on in a primate group escapes notice during direct observation. In spite of these limitations, evidence for the use of chemical signals in primate communication has accumulated during recent years.


Olfactory Bulb Nonhuman Primate Olfactory Epithelium Squirrel Monkey Spider Monkey 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gisela Epple
    • 1
  • David Moulton
    • 1
  1. 1.Monell Chemical Senses CenterUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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