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Devising a Practical Suitcase Hemodialyzer

  • Eli A. Friedman
  • James T. Hutchisson
  • Robert S. Galonsky
  • Richard L. Hessert

Abstract

Following Kolff’s invention of a practical hemodialysis system in 1943 (1) and Scribner’s demonstration in 1960 that repetitive hemodialyses could extend the life of uremic patients indefinitely (2), the long-term approach to uremia was altered dramatically. In the United States in mid 1977 more than 36,000 patients are sustained by regular hemodialyses at a cost in excess of $650,000,000. per year. For those patients who lack a donor or are either unsuitable or undesirous of a renal transplant, intermittent use of a hemodialyzer is a necessary and limiting fact of life.

Keywords

Blood Flow Rate Blood Pump Uremic Patient Zirconium Phosphate Artificial Kidney 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Kolff WJ: New Ways of Treating Uremia. London, J.A. Churchill, 1947.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Quinton WE, Dillard DH, Cole JJ, Scribner BH: Eight months experience with silastic-teflon bypass cannulas. Trans Amer Soc Artif Int Organs 8:236–243, 1962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gordon A, Greenbaum MA, Marantz LB, McArthur MJ, and Maxwell MH: A sorbent based low volume recirculating dialysate system. Trans. Amer. Soc. Artif. Int. Organs, 15:347, 1969.Google Scholar
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    Gordon A, Better DS, Greenbaum MA, Marantz LB, Gral T, and Maxwell MH: Clinical maintenance hemodialysis with a sorbent-based low volume dialysate regeneration system. Trans. Amer. Soc. Artif. Int. Organs, 17:253, 1971.Google Scholar
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    Dharnidharka SG, Kirkham R, and Kolff WJ: Toward a wearable artificial kidney using ultrafiltrate as dialysate. Trans. Amer. Soc. Artif. Int. Organs, 19:92, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Porter L: How wearable artificial kidney has changed my life. National Association of Patients on Hemodialysis and Transplantation, August, 1975, p 8.Google Scholar
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    Briefel GR, Hutchisson JT, Galonsky RS, Hessert RL, and Friedman EA: Compact, travel hemodialysis system. Proc. Dialysis Transplant Forum, 1975, p 61.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Briefel GR, Galonsky RS, Hutchisson JT, Hessert RL and Friedman EA: Field trial of compact travel dialysis system. Journal of Dialysis, 1:57, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eli A. Friedman
    • 1
  • James T. Hutchisson
    • 1
  • Robert S. Galonsky
    • 1
  • Richard L. Hessert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineDownstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA

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