Devising a Practical Suitcase Hemodialyzer
Following Kolff’s invention of a practical hemodialysis system in 1943 (1) and Scribner’s demonstration in 1960 that repetitive hemodialyses could extend the life of uremic patients indefinitely (2), the long-term approach to uremia was altered dramatically. In the United States in mid 1977 more than 36,000 patients are sustained by regular hemodialyses at a cost in excess of $650,000,000. per year. For those patients who lack a donor or are either unsuitable or undesirous of a renal transplant, intermittent use of a hemodialyzer is a necessary and limiting fact of life.
KeywordsBlood Flow Rate Blood Pump Uremic Patient Zirconium Phosphate Artificial Kidney
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