Strathclyde Approach Towards Artificial Kidney, Artificial Liver and Detoxification

  • J. M. Courtney
  • J. D. S. Gaylor
  • R. Maini
  • G. B. Park
  • E. M. Smith


The Bioengineering Unit at the University of Strathclyde has been engaged in research relating to the use of adsorbents in medicine since 1972. The decision to undertake research in this area was influenced by the work of Chang on artificial cells (Chang, 1972) and a Unit involvement in the development of synthetic polymer membranes for haemodialysis (Courtney, 1969; Muir et al, I97I, 1973). The initial effort concerned activated carbon granules and was directed towards the selection of a suitable grade of carbon, development of a method of coating the granules with polymer and the design of a polymer coating.


Cation Exchange Resin Blood Compatibility Activate Carbon Cloth Emulsion Copolymer Artificial Liver 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abouna, G.M., Gilchrist, T., Petti t, J.E., Boyd, N.D., Todd, J.K., Courtney, J.M. and Maini, R. (1975) in “Artificial Liver Support”, ed. Williamsand Murray-Lyon, Pitman Medical, London, p. 180Google Scholar
  2. Bailey, A., Maggs, F.A.P. and Williams, J.H.(1973) British Patent I, 310, OilGoogle Scholar
  3. Cameron, A., Courtney, J.M., Gilchrist, T., MacDowall, J. and Walker, J.M. (1974) Proc.Soc. Chem. Ind. 4th London Int.Carbon and Graphite Conf., Pennard Press, London, p. 227Google Scholar
  4. Chang, T.M.S.(1972) “Artificial Cells”, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, III.Google Scholar
  5. Charnley, J. (1970) “Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery”, Livingstone, Edinburgh and LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Courtney, J.M. (1969) Ph.D. Thesis, University of StrathclydeGoogle Scholar
  7. Courtney, J.M., Gilchrist, T., Hood, R.G. and Townsend, W.B.(1976a) Proc. ESAO 2, 210Google Scholar
  8. Courtney, J.M., Gilchrist, T. andDunlop, E.H. (1976b) U.S.Patent 3,983,053Google Scholar
  9. Courtney, J.M., Gilchrist, T., Venn, R.F. and Lindsay, R.M.(1976c) in “Biocompatibility of Implant Materials”, ed.Williams, Pitman Medical, London p. 183Google Scholar
  10. Courtney, J.M., Fairweather, I.A., Gilchrist, T., Hood, R.G., Park, G.B. and Smith, E.M.(1977a) in “Artificial Organs”, ed. Kenedi etal, Macmillan Press, London, p. 133Google Scholar
  11. Courtney, J.M., Park, G.B., Smith, E.M., Gerard, S.M. and Winchester, J.F.(1977b) Polymer surface modification and blood compatibility. Presented at Polymer Surfaces Symposium, Durham.Google Scholar
  12. Edwards, R.O.(l975) Ph.D. Thesis, University of StrathclydeGoogle Scholar
  13. Falb, R.D., Grode, G.A., Luttinger, M., Epstein, M.M., Drake, B. and Leininger, R.I. (1966) U.S. Nat.Tech. Inform.Serv., P.B.Report No.173,053Google Scholar
  14. Gander, R.J.(1967) U.S. Patent 3, 305, 513Google Scholar
  15. Gaylor, J.D.S., Maggs, F.A.P., Park, G.B. and Smith, E.M.(1976) Activated carbon cloth — a novel material for haemoperfusion 29th ACEMB 18,171Google Scholar
  16. Gilchrist, T., Jonsson, E., Martin, A.M., Naucler, L., Cameron, A. and Courtney, J. M. (1975) in “Artificial Liver Support”, ed. Williams and Murray-Lyon, Pitman Medical, London, p.319Google Scholar
  17. Gusman, S. (I960) U.S. Patent 2, 940, 950Google Scholar
  18. Hood, R.G., Courtney, J.M., Gaylor, J.D.S. and Gilchrist, T. (1975) Brit. Patent Appln. No. 44502/75Google Scholar
  19. Idezuki, J., Watanabe, H., Hagiwara, M., Kanasugi, K., Mori, Y., Nagooka, S., Hagio, M., Yamamoto, K. and Tanzawa, H. (1975) Trans. Amer. Soc. Artif. Int. Organs 21, 436Google Scholar
  20. Lindsay, R.M., Rourke, J., Reid, В., Friesen, M., Linton, A.L., Courtney J.M. and Gilchrist, T. (1976) Trans. Amer. Soc. Artif. Int. Organs 22, 292Google Scholar
  21. Maini, R. (1975) Ph.D. Thesis, University of StrathclydeGoogle Scholar
  22. Maini, R. and Winchester, J.F.(1975) Brit. Med. J. 3, 281PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Maini, R., Courtney, J.M., Gilchrist, T., Winchester, J.F. and McKay, J.M.(l976)Proc. ESA0 2, 222Google Scholar
  24. Maini, R., Baillie, H. and Stark, M.(1977) in “Artificial Organs“ed. Kenedi et al, Macmillan Press, London, p. 395Google Scholar
  25. Muir, W.M., Courtney, J.M., Gray, R.A. and Ritchie, P.D.(1971) J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 5, 415PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Muir, W.M., Gray, R.A., Courtney, J.M. and Ritchie, P.D. (1973) J. Biomed. Mater. Res.7, 37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Park, G.B., Apiliga, M.T. and Fairweather, I.A.(1977) IRCS Med.Sei.5,140Google Scholar
  28. Tuji, J. (1969) U.S. Patent 3, 477, 864Google Scholar
  29. Utsumi, I., Ida, T., Kishi, S., and Hashimoto, T. (1963) U.S. Patent 3, 073, 748Google Scholar
  30. Volker, T. and Wenzel, F. (1962) U.S. Pafent 3, 070, 509Google Scholar
  31. Walker, J.M.(1974) Ph.D. Thesis, University of StrathclydeGoogle Scholar
  32. Winchester, J.F.(1977) in “Artificial Organs”, ed. Kenedi et al, Macmillan Press, London, p. 280Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Courtney
    • 1
  • J. D. S. Gaylor
    • 1
  • R. Maini
    • 1
  • G. B. Park
    • 1
  • E. M. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Bioengineering UnitUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations