Charcoal Hemoperfusion in Mushroom Poisoning: Amanita Phalloides
Of the many genera and species of poisonous mushrooms the most dangerous are some species of Amanita especially Amanita phalloides, A. verna, A, virosa and A. bisporigera. Amanita phalloides is the most common mushroom in Europe and is also present in North America but Amanita bisporigera and Amanita virosa appear to be more abundant. During rainy summers poisoning due to eating Amanita phalloides is relatively common in Europe but far less common in North America where wild mushroom picking is less common. Fig. 1 shows the general appearance of some typical varieties of poisonous Amanita sp. mushrooms. The cap size varies from two to five inches, and the shape from conical to broad and flat. The color ranges from white (A. verna, A. virosa, A. bisporigera) to yellow, brown and especially to green. The stem is generally three to seven inches tall and coloured with a bulbous base. A. virosa, bisporigera and verna are white in colour and contain the same family of toxins of the phalloides variety.
KeywordsActivate Carbon Thioctic Acid Severe Intoxication Mushroom Poisoning Bulbous Base
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