Ion Transport by Mitochondria

  • Gerald P. Brierley

Abstract

The inner membrane of the mitochondrion fulfills several crucial roles in cell metabolism. It segregates the enzymes and metabolites of the major energy-yielding metabolic pathways from alternative reactions in the cytosol and, at the same time, provides pathways for regulated interchange of metabolites between the matrix and nonmitochondrial compartments.(1,2) In addition, a large body of evidence suggests that the primary mode of energy coupling in the mitochondrion consists of pH and electrical gradients across(3) or within(4) the inner membrane of the mitochondrion. It has become apparent that the movement of protons, anions, and cations across the inner membrane can profoundly affect both energy coupling and the regulation of metabolism. It is also clear that we have only begun to understand the pathways that are available to these components in the mitochondrial membrane, and we can expect that future work will provide a complete explanation of the mechanism and control features of these processes.

Keywords

Permeability Cadmium Respiration Photosynthesis Cytosol 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald P. Brierley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiological Chemistry, College of MedicineOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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