Field-Emission Microscopes

  • Theodore George Rochow
  • Eugene George Rochow


The two kinds of field-emission (point-projection) microscopes* were both invented by E. W. Müller(1) (Figure 14.1). The older device (1936) employs field-emission of electrons from the negatively charged tip of a very sharp needle in a vacuum by point-projection of the image onto a positively charged, fluorescent screen. The device is a specialized cathode-ray tube (Figure 14.2).(2) The newer device (1950) emits ions from an anode.


Helium Atom Bright Spot Liquid Hydrogen Field Evaporation Emission Microscope 
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References for Chapter 14

  1. 1.
    E. W. Müller, Field ion microscopy, Science 149, No. 3684, 591–601 (August 6,1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. E. Hall, Introduction to Electron Microscopy, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co., Hights-town, N. J., 08520 (1966).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Ralph, Field-ion microscopy, Chapter 5, in Modern Physical Techniques in Materials Technology (T. Mulvey and R. K. Webster, eds.), Oxford University Press, London, W.1 (1974).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Gomer, Field Emission and Field Ionization, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. 02138 (1961).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Compilation of ASTM Standard Definitions, 3rd ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, Pa. 19103 (1976).Google Scholar
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    Field-ion microscope, Materials Research Corp., Orangeburg, N. Y. 10962. Private communication, December 15, 1965.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. J. Fonash, Advances in the understanding of image formation in FIM, Microstructures, pp. 17–21 (August/September 1972).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. J. Hren and S. Ranganathan (eds.), Field-Ion Microscopy, Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, N. Y. 10060 (1968).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. W. Müller and T. T. Tsong, Field-Ion Microscopy, Elsevier, New York, N. Y 10017 (1969).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. F. Hockman, E. W. Müller, and B. Ralph, Applications of Field-Ion Microscopy, Georgia Technical Press, Atlanta, Ga. 30332 (1969).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    ASTM National Committee E-4 on Metallography, organizational information in the annual Yearbook, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, Pa. 19103.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore George Rochow
    • 1
  • Eugene George Rochow
    • 2
  1. 1.North Carolina State University at RaleighRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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