Primary Hyperparathyroidism and Other Causes of Hypercalcemia

  • Charles Y. C. Pak
Part of the Topics in Bone and Mineral Disorders book series (TOHE)


Primary hyperparathyroidism continues to be one of the leading causes of Ca urolithiasis.1–5 Although the exact pathogenetic mechanism for the stone formation in primary hyperparathyroidism has not been clarified, effective control of urolithiasis can usually be achieved by the surgical removal of abnormal parathyroid tissue. 6,7 This condition is not too difficult to diagnose when it is fully manifested. However, primary hyperparathyroidism may escape detection in its subtle presentation and may be confused with other forms of Ca urolithiasis. 8,9 This difficulty has resulted in the recommendation of parathyroid exploration, albeit infrequently, in renal 10 and absorptive 11 hypercalciurias. The following cases illustrate examples of such useless surgery.


Bone Resorption Primary Hyperparathyroidism Calcium Oxalate Serum iPTH Osteitis Fibrosa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Y. C. Pak
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of Texas Health Science CenterDallasUSA

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