The Erotic-Bodily Contact Approach in Sexology
The historical evolution of sex therapy in recent years has gone through the two major streams illustrated by the psychoanalysis and by the therapy practiced by Masters and Johnson. The first of these has given us an interesting theoretical model and basic concepts which have resisted much repeated criticism. We owe to psychoanalysis an outlook on sexuality which is partly autonomous, because Freud was the first to rediscover and valorize infantile sexuality wherein the natural biology is nonreproductive. We must also give credit to psychoanalysis for other fundamental concepts, from sexual problems — conflicts related to personal development beyond the negative and repressive restraints imposed externally or socially on sexual impulses. Finally, we must thank psychoanalysis for those principles which today are widely applied in sex therapy, such as the importance of quality in sexual responsivity as opposed to quantity, and the value of the imaginary and of fantasy considered to be an infinite reserve of eroticism. Traditional criticism of psychoanalysis includes the theory which does not consider childhood to be the source of numerous sexual problems but rather relates these problems to a reflex phenomenon or else to pathologic dysfunctions affecting the involved couple.
KeywordsSexual Dysfunction Sexual Problem Female Sexual Dysfunction Bodily Approach Sexual Impulse
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