• John A. Lamont
Part of the Perspectives in Sexuality book series (Persp. Sex.)


Vaginismus is defined as the involuntary spasm of the pelvic muscles surrounding the outer third of the vagina, specifically the perineal muscles and the levator ani muscles (Masters and Johnson, 1970; Kaplan, 1974; Ellison, 1972). In severe cases of vaginismus the adductors of the thighs, the rectus abdominis and the gluteus muscles may be involved. This reflex contraction is triggered by imagined or anticipated attempts at penetration of the vagina, or during the act of intromission or coitus.


Vaginal Hysterectomy Rectus Abdominis Premature Ejaculation Pelvic Muscle Success Success 


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  1. Ellison, C. (1972). Vaginismus. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, August, p. 34.Google Scholar
  2. Harlow, R.A. and McCluskey, C.J. (1972). Introital Dyspareunia. Clinical Med. 27.Google Scholar
  3. Kaplan, H.S. (1974). The Hew Sex Therapy, Brunner/Mazel, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Lamont, J.A. (1974). Female Dyspareunia. Canadian Family Physician, 20 (8): 53–56.Google Scholar
  5. Masters, W.H. and Johnson, V.E. (1970), Human Sexual Inadequacy, Little, Brown and Co., Boston.Google Scholar
  6. Novak, J. (1948). Nature and Treatment of Vaginismus. The Ur. & Cut. Review 52: 128.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • John A. Lamont
    • 1
  1. 1.Canada

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