Advertisement

Optokinetic Nystagmus and Optokinetic After-Nystagmus: Characteristics and Functional Significance

  • Bernard Cohen
  • Victor Matsuo
  • Theodore Raphan

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to characterize optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) and optokinetic after-nystagmus (OKAN) of the rhesus monkey. From these data we will suggest how the neural mechanism which produces OKN and OKAN might be organized.

Keywords

Slow Rise Storage Mechanism Steady State Velocity Stimulus Velocity OPTOKINETIC Nystagmus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bond, H.W, and Ho, P. Solid miniature silver-silver chloride electrodes for chronic implanation. Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol., 28: 206–208, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brandt, T., and Dichgans, J. Circularvektion, optische Pseudoorioliseffekte und optokinetisher Nachnystagmus. Albrecht v. Graefes Arch. klin. exp. Ophthal., 184: 42–57, 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cohen, B., Matsuo, V. and Raphan, T. Quantitative analysis of the velocity characteristics of optokinetic nystagmus and optokinetic after-nystagmus, in press. J. Physiol., 1977.Google Scholar
  4. Gruttner, R. Experimentelle Untersuchungen uber den optokinetischen Nystagmus. Zeitschrift fur Sinnesphysiol., 68: 1–48, 1939.Google Scholar
  5. Robinson, D.A., and Skavenski, A. Role of abducens neurons in vestibulo-ocular reflex. J. Neurophysiol., 36: 724–738, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ter Braak, J.W.G. Untersuchungen uber optokinetischen Nystagmus. Arch. Neerl. Physiol., 21: 309–376, 1936.Google Scholar
  7. Uemura, T. and Cohen, B. Effects of vestibular nuclei lesions on vestibulo-ocular reflexes and posture in monkeys. Acta otolaryngol. Suppl., 315: 1–71, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Cohen
    • 1
  • Victor Matsuo
    • 1
  • Theodore Raphan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurology Mount Sinai School of MedicineCity University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations