Depression pp 199-211 | Cite as

Cognitive Therapy of Depressed Suicidal Outpatients

  • Aaron T. Beck
  • David Burns


We have been conducting a series of studies testing the efficacy of short-term structured psychotherapy for chronically or intermittently depressed suicidal outpatients. To date we have treated over 200 depressed patients with a new psycotherapeutic approach which we call cognitive therapy. This approach views depression as a disorder having emotional, motivational, behavioral, and cognitive components. We find that the cognitive component involves distorted thinking which is quite accessible to intervention with a variety of techniques which will be described below. We have found that the changes in the patient’s distorted cognitions have a profound effect on the emotional and behavioral components of the syndrome, resulting in significant and rapid improvement.


Fatigue Depression Europe Carbon Monoxide Imipramine 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Taylor FG, Marshall WL: Experimental analysis of a cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research 1: 59–72, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shaw BF: Comparison of cognitive therapy and behavior therapy in the treatment of depression. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 45: 543–551, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Morris NE: A group self-instruction method for the treatment of depressed outpatients. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Toronto, 1975.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schmickley VG: The effects of cognitive-behavior modification upon depressed outpatients. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, 1976.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Beck AT: Depression: Causes and Treatment. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1972.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Beck AT: Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. New York, International Universities Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Braff DL, Beck AT: Thinking disorder in depression. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 31: 456–459, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Beck AT, Kovacs M, Weissman A: Hopelessness and suicidal behavior: An overview. DAMA 234: 1146–1149, 1975.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rush A, Beck AT, Kovacs M, Holton S: Comparative efficacy of cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy in the treatment of depressed outpatients. Cognitive Therapy and Research 1: 17–37, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron T. Beck
    • 1
  • David Burns
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Pennsylvania School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations