The Nature of TAT Stories as Cognitive-Affective Products: A Psychoanalytic Approach

  • Robert R. Holt


The first publication on the TAT was a paper by Christiana D. Morgan and Henry A. Murray, Jr. (1935) boldly entitled: “A Method for Investigating Fanta y.” It would be easy to cite many passages in that paper and in later publications (Murray et al,1938) where they used the terms interchangeably or spoke of “stories (fantasies).”1 Since then, many others have written about the TAT and related techniques, and have very frequently referred to them as methods of studying fantasy (Beier, Gorlow, & Stacey, 1951; Bell, 1948; Henry, 1956; Leary, 1956; Masserman & Balken, 1938; Symonds, 1949). I have just looked through the indices of the last ten years2 of the Psychological Abstracts under the heading, fantasy, and have been surprised to find that a great majority of the American references—except for psychoanalytic, clinical contributions—have been papers or books on the TAT and related thematic tests.


Primary Process Secondary Process External Reality Reflective Awareness Affective Product 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert R. Holt
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for Mental HealthNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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